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agriculture
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weather conditions
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first man
What Is Agriculture ?
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I believe the question " what is agriculture?" is worth pondering over. In this article, agriculture and farming 'll be used interchangeably. Indeed , husbandry is also a perfect substitute.

Before I have a go at the question " what is agriculture?" let me first consider the Whens, Hows, Whys of agriculture. If you're , however, in such a hurry to see what the defintion is , check it out below in the paragraph sub-titled " Definition".

Agriculture is as old as the creation of man. Yes! God was the first Farmer- Genesis 2: 8-9. Indeed, in the verse 15 of Genesis, God charged Adam to farm( he was supposed to tend and keep the farm God cultivated )- first man to have farmed right?

So, from creation man was made to depend on farming for survial. The saying: " When the last tree dies , the last man dies " you'd agree with wouldn't you ? is a statement of truth.

Defintion

What is agriculture? Is the tilling (or cultivation ) of plants , animals and other livingthings - e.g.fungi for food, protection and other products to sustain life.

For the records , let me list some more of the forms in which farming is of importance to human life: transportaion, warfare, companionship, ornament, scientific research and valuable commodities like wool, silk etc. I deliberately ommited them from the definition not to make it too long.

Farming has developed over the years. This development have been influenced by prevailing weather conditions in countries, technologies and people's way of life - culture. It's study ( scientific study of agriculture) is known as agricultural science.

Now, farming is done at two levels. small scale farming and large scale farming, otherwise referred to as subsistence farming and commercial farming . Subsistence and commercial farming differ in terms of aim, size and tools used. The subsistence farmer ( peasant farmer) aim to grow food for the family. simple tools are used and farm size is small. Commercial farmer on the other hand produce for the market i.e for sale. Farm size is usualy large and machines ( mechanization) are used e.g. harvesters, tractors, etc.

Subsistence and commercial farming have their good and bad sides. The less damaging impact of subsistence farming on the environment is obvisous isn't' it? It is , however , subject to the vagaries of the weather. Commercial farming on the other hand could impact the environment adversely . Excessive cultivation of land could result in soil erosion. Use of irrigation in commercial farm could affect the source water adversely.

To address these social and environmental concerns, sustainable agriculture systems are employed to minimized the adverse impact of commercial farming on the environment. In agriculture , therefore, humans influenced the evolution process of plants and animals ( the domesticated species) to meet their needs.

I believe we should seek answers to not just the question " what is agriculture" but also it's importance to our survival. Ever think of degree of dependence on farming products in your daily life? Food comes to mind easily right? C'mon! think a litle beyond that... yea! that flower to your loved one. Need I remind you of your pet, your beautiful garden?


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