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Architecture - Javanese Traditional House
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Architecture  -  Javanese Traditional House

Architecture in Indonesian Traditional House has a special design and style, that now adapted in a new houses built, combined with colonial style.

I would take one sample of traditional house in Java.

Buddhism and Hinduism blended with the native Javanese animism to form combination of structures and carvings with significant meanings.

Temple architecture in Central Java influenced by the Indian culture.

The main thing about Javanese House is having at least 3 parts ,with its independent construction, Each has its own roof..Three separate parts forming as whole.

The first part called Pendopo, an open pavilion used for reception of the guests. It has 4 pillars within the central part of the Pendopo.

The second part called Pringgitan, a narrow passage to the back of the house. This is the smallest construction in the house. They also use this for the Wayang Kulit, the traditional puppet performance.

The third part is actually the main house, called Dalem Ageng, divided in 2 or 3 rooms. It is the only wall construction in the house. Out of the 3 room, one considered most important, called Krobongan. It is a place for the Goddess Sri, goddess of fertility that is also the ancestor of the Javanese. In the new era, this part is where the family do the ritual activation, like praying or meditate.

The two adjoining rooms are the bedrooms, where the family sleeps at night. The kitchen and bathrooms. It has various rooms, depends on the wealth of the family. But this family activities rooms are in this part.

The essential part in the Javanese house is Pendopo and Krobongan. One is for reception of the guests, that is considered very honorable to receive guest in Javanese culture, and other is to God that is foundation of the family life.

A Grand Javanese House called Joglo is sometimes used also to replace the Pendopo's name. The real traditional Javanese Joglo made of high quality of wood, so only the rich can have this Joglo house.

This part of the house (Joglo or Pendopo) now used for restaurants or hotels entrance in Indonesia as a traditional beautiful piece of the Old Javanese house.

Under the Dutch colony, they did little to the traditional architecture. They learned to adapt their architectural style with local building, especially large windows with much openings in the Pendopo Style. The basic form as the roof is Javanese, but the pillars is a Neo – classical Column.

Before the Dutch era ,houses was build of timber, especially teak. The Dutch starts to use bricks which followed by the Javanese people.

Then a touch of Art Deco also adapted in the houses in Java, which is called as A Javanese Colonial Style.


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