This Article is About
cancer prevention
female smokers
average lifespan
cigarette smoking
preventive measures
proper nutrition
risk factors
Cancer Prevention
Join 1000's of Authors at StreetArticles Today!

Prevention is the best weapon to beat cancer.

And it is within our reach, every day starting from the table, following the rules of proper nutrition, to finish the regular medical checks.

They began to give importance to the concept of cancer prevention especially since in recent decades, the incidence of this disease has increased. The reasons for growth are linked to the average lifespan and a significant change in lifestyle. The increasing incidence of lung cancer in women, for example, is a direct consequence of increasing numbers of female smokers.

Taking note of this situation has gone from only curative approach to a preventive to the disease, dating back to 1981 publication, by two leading epidemiologists (Richard Doll and Richard), the first scientifically controlled list of the main risk factors that determine the onset of cancer.

Among the factors identified in this study are cigarette smoking, diet and other causes such as viruses, hormones and radiation.

Today the approach is has many sides, that is a real risk for an individual to contract the disease is a combination of several risk factors.

Moreover, it is understood that the preventive measures are not limited to the stages that precede the onset of the disease (primary prevention), but can also be applied when the disease is already present (secondary and tertiary prevention).

Primary prevention

The purpose of primary prevention is to reduce the incidence of cancer by controlling risk factors and increasing individual resistance to such factors. In other words, to avoid the onset of cancer.

Proper primary prevention is not only based on the identification of risk factors, but especially on an assessment of the entire population or the individual is exposed to these factors.

The primary prevention strategies may be directed to the entire population (for example those concerning the proper way of eating or physical activity) or to particular categories of people considered 'high risk' (for example, who has a particularly high genetic risk or smoking).

Fall in the primary prevention tools including vaccines against specific infectious agents that increase the risk of cancer, such as the hepatitis B virus (liver cancer) or the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV responsible for cervical cancer).

Secondary Cancer Prevention

The aim of secondary cancer prevention is to identify the tumor in a very early stage so that you can treat it effectively and get results in a greater number of cures and a reduction in mortality. Secondary prevention measures coincides with the early diagnosis. Generally covers the period between the onset of the disease and the biological manifestation of first symptoms.

For some types of cancer there are also national programs for secondary prevention as in the case of mammography: screening the National Observatory, under the Ministry, recommends a mammogram every two years for women aged 50 and over, but the timing may considerations vary depending on the doctor's personal story of each woman.

As for the Pap test, the Ministry of Health states that women from the start of active sexual life and in any case not more than 25 years should take the exam every two to three years until about 70 years of age, and offers the possibility to do it for free at the clinics. The autonomous regions are still deciding whether and how to propose such screening: in some cases, for example, the Pap test is free even at a young age, because the signs are international start it since the age of the first sexual intercourse. Many regions have also launched campaigns of screening for colorectal cancer, aimed at people aged 50 to 70 years.

In 1968 the World Health Organization (WHO) has established the universal criteria by which a disease that affects a large proportion of the population is likely to be preventive screening:

The disease must be a real health problem;

There must be a treatment to cure the disease diagnosed;

There must be recognized, or a latent stage should be the first recognizable symptoms of the disease;

screening must be universally accepted by the population.

With this type of screening, however, is more easily identify tumors with a preclinical phase (the period between the biological onset of the disease and the first symptom) longer than the fast-growing, especially when the average time between a examination and the other is moderately long. This means that cases of cancer identified by screening are also those who, by their very nature, have a more favorable prognosis.

Finally, it should be noted that some cancers identified by screening for secondary prevention did not give rise to a real disease, because in some cases the progression is very slow or even stop. It is not easy, however, find out what happens in such cases and therefore what kind of cancer it is useful to screen and for which, however, is best avoided. In fact, identify a tumor means proceed with sometimes invasive tests or even surgery and therapy, which in turn have side effects. It is the delicate balance between benefits for the community and the individual, and damage from excessive treatment that moves the world of prevention.

For this reason, in some cases do not proceed through active intervention, but merely to make diagnostic tests more frequently to monitor the evolution of the disease: it is what happens, for example, in elderly patients with tumors characterized by a very long preclinical phase, such as cancer of the prostate.

Street Talk

No comments present
You May Also Like
Cancer Prevention With Pineapple And the Enzyme Bromelain
Pineapples are not only sweet and delicious, they have wonderful health benefits. Arthritis and gout can be relieved by eating this tropical fruit. It is also good for sore throats and bronchitis. But perhaps the greatest value in pineapple discovered so far is its ability to fight cancer and particularly…
By: Georgia Gale in  Health and Fitness   Apr 03, 2012  
  Likes: 2

Cancer What Is It? – Article 10 In A Series Of 10
Carcinogens In Our Food. What will they think of next? Curious about this are you? One of the things I highly recommend is to learn to read food labels. I now believe that if it comes in a package and wasn’t around a hundred years ago, chances are our body…
By: Steve Newton in  Cancer   Aug 18, 2012  
  Likes: 0

How Weight Loss & Exercise Can Prevent 40% of Cancers
Prevention is the best way to cure many diseases including cancer. Many people think getting cancer is either down to bad luck or if it runs in their family. While it is true that cancer can run in families, cancer is preventable. What is the best way to prevent cancer;…
By: Pamela Briggs in  Health and Fitness  >  Weight Loss   Dec 18, 2011  
  Likes: 0

Copd In Womn is on the Rise, More Women Dying From Breathing Diseases
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD is not just a single disease but rather the term for any number of breathing related issues that can include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma and others. In the past, these conditions were largely considered to be problems faced by men but women have been…
By: amie nogrady in  Health and Fitness  >  Asthma   Apr 24, 2012  
  Likes: 2

Smoking And Obesity: Cigarettes Are Not Helping Anything, After All
It has long been believed that smokers are thinner because nicotine depresses their hunger and that if they were to quit smoking, they would automatically gain a lot of weight. That may not be as scientifically valid as previously believed. While nicotine does depress the appetite to some extent, it…
By: Cara M in  Health and Fitness  >  Obesity   Jul 06, 2011  
  Likes: 0

Smokers Who Take Up Dumbbells May Kick the Habit Better Than Those That Don’t
According to researchers from the Miriam Hospital Centers for Behavioral and Preventative Medicine, smokers who start or enhance resistance training routines while trying to quit smoking are not only more likely to be successful with their attempt but may also alleviate a number of the negative symptoms facing them in…
By: Cara M in  Health and Fitness   Aug 23, 2011  
  Likes: 0

Golden Retriever Puppies: Hard to Turn Down That Face
Are you thinking of buying a dog? Do you want a cute lovable dog? How bout a dog that can be a lifelong friend? Well, I have the perfect dog for you. A Golden Retriever puppy!! Yes, a Golden Retriever puppy is a cute, lovable dog that has a lifespan…
By: PrinceStringer  in  Pets  >  Dogs   Apr 16, 2012  
  Likes: 0

Weight Loss Tips for Men - No Girls Allowed
As a man, you have a couple major advantages when it comes to exercise and making progress- both in the gym and on the scale. While it might not be PC in this day and age to point things like this out, everything I state here is based on well…
By: Chip Paulson in  Health and Fitness  >  Weight Loss   Aug 07, 2013  
  Likes: 5

Breast Cancer Awareness And Breakfast Tips Not A Novelty At All
There are so many things that we actually know about but don’t practice them in our daily routine. So many such things are inter linked as well, whether it’s the personal health or anything else related to your routine life. Breakfast is something everyone know about its important and role…
By: jasmine william in  Cancer  >  Breast Cancer   May 28, 2016  
  Likes: 1

Bone Pain In Metastatic Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and this sentence is also very much familiar to everyone. Prevention is the most important step towards the safety and to practice it breast cancer screening is essential for every woman. It is also a fact that almost half of the…
By: jasmine william in  Cancer  >  Breast Cancer   May 23, 2016  
  Likes: 1

A Long Time
I'm talking about being sick for a long period of time. I used to think that it was just awful, to suffer for a long time. I now believe it's a way for God to give the sick person time to forgive old wounds., let anger go, and then get…
By: sharon vacelli3 in  Cancer   May 21, 2016  
  Likes: 1

Identification Of Hostile Breast Cancer Through Six Key Genes Test
Screening for breast cancer is a must to investigate many of the hidden facts about the disease. It also helps out to identify the stage and intensity of breast cancer. It is indeed a big discussion when it comes to diagnose breast cancer and further to look for the details…
By: jasmine william in  Cancer  >  Breast Cancer   May 20, 2016  
  Likes: 1

Show Support for Those Who Have Cancer
Perhaps you know someone with cancer. You have noticed his weight loss, and he has complained to you about how tired he feels. What can you do? One thing that you can do is spend time with him. With treatment, he may be able to beat his disease. He will…
By: Hollie E. Townsend in  Cancer   Apr 20, 2014  
  Likes: 1

Common Personal And Genetic Risk Factors for Breast Cancer
Much evidence supports the idea that tumors take a lot of time, often decades, to progress into being visible. Tumors are also a series of increasingly neoplastic phenotypes, in which progression is driven by mutations. The current understanding of tumor progression in humans shows that cancer cells acquire their malignancy…
By: Devon in  Cancer  >  Breast Cancer   Sep 13, 2012  
  Likes: 0

Genuine Over Alternative Truck Parts In The UK
People debate over whether it is better to purchase genuine truck parts over alternative ones. Some people believe that purchasing genuine parts is better because they have been made directly by the manufacturer. However, others believe that alternative truck parts are just as good, and sometimes better, than their genuine…
By: Martin10 in  Cancer   Jun 07, 2012  
  Likes: 0

Article Views: 1703    Report this Article