The Vesuvius One Of The Most Dangerous Volcanoes In The World
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The Vesuvius One Of the Most Dangerous Volcanoes In the World

The birth of the Vesuvius is traced to about 400,000 years ago, this volcano of medium size, with an accuracy of 1.281 m. , Is famous worldwide for its explosive activity, it is situated in the south-eastern side of the city of Naples, and his position, so close to the entire inhabited cities, makes her even more frequent and interesting observation, according to scientists In fact, a possible eruption could cause devastating and irreversible damage.

Today Mount Vesuvius is inserted iconographic image of the city of Naples, it has become famous all over the world the picture postcard snaps on the Posillipo hill, that captures the breathtaking beauty of this area, in the photo is captured on a gorgeous day sun, the Gulf of Naples embraced by mountains.

Vesuvius as anticipated, is constantly the subject of study and analysis, the Observatory who is dealing with is the Vesuvius observatory fù established in 1841, through the work of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, and is the first and oldest observatory volcanology World.

In 1995 was born the Vesuvius National Park, which is spread around the volcano and Ottaviano, this wonderful park offers the possibility to walk the beautiful trails to reach the Vesuvius, during the visit to the park, you can see about 612 species belonging to plant world, and 227 species of the animal world.

The most famous eruption of Vesuvius, over the years become the subject of interest from Hollywood movie that tried to reproduce what happened in the movies, and 'the eruption of August 24, 79 AD that destroyed the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis .The testimony of what happened is told in two letters he Pilinio the Younger, who tells Tacitus, the death of his uncle Pilinio the Elder, started from Miseno and come to the places affected by the eruption to bring relief to some friends.

Indisputable testimony to what has accadduto and 'on the ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii, excavations famous throughout the world, crowded in all periods of the year, millions of tourists and curious disbelief. Excavations faithfully reproduce the cities buried by the eruption, their excellent preservation was favored by about 6 meters of lava, pumice and ashes, which have "protected" the ruins of the two unfortunate city.

Pompeii have long been the subject of study, the first works are attributed to the Emperor Alexander Severus, who, however, failed to unearth anything of interest because of the ash and lapilli surface that had been created. The research work and then resumed digging in the years during which coins and buildings were found that fù not given due importance. Fù under the Bourbons who began to have some important discoveries, such as were found and studied the thermal baths, even if the real re-birth of the city you will only thanks to the systemic and meticulous work of Giuseppe Fiorelli.

Fiorelli organized and directed the work, one of his greatest merits was undoubtedly to pour liquid plaster into the empty spaces of the ground in Pompeii, the excavated area, from which he obtained the casts of people who died during the eruption. The images of those bodies huddled and frightened have been around the world.

Today walking through Pompeii you can admire the ancient baths of the Forum, also called Terme della Fortuna, where the wealthier inhabitants were going to relax, you can imagine the streets, houses and buildings of the time, you can come across in the brothel who were at the time of the Roman brothels dedicated to sexual pleasure, real brothels, you can see all the paintings decorated with the famous Pompeian red, a color which then turned out to be after several studies, a burnt ocher and colorful lava and gases, and then become a beautiful red, Pompeian red.

E 'can then immerse themselves in places where the' grandeur and power of the Vesuvius are seen with the naked eye, its presence felt in general throughout the city of Naples, but in particular in some districts such as Pompeii and Herculaneum. How to visit the volcano.

The eruptive activity of Mount Vesuvius, however, has not interotta eruption of 79 AD, has continued over the years, the period of frequent eruptions identified come from 1631 and 1944, the last eruption of 1944 that finally destroyed the cable car that allowed to climb the mountain, which opened in 1880, this cable car was destroyed three times again because of the eruptions, and fù then replaced by a chairlift opened in 1953 and discontinued in 1984.


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