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Untold Story In The Elimina Castle;ghana
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Untold Story In The Elimina Castle;ghana

“Lamina”, was the actual name the Portuguese used to call the place they settled, the name was significant because the rate at which the indigenes in the place were trading their gold for the tobacco, guns, spices, books etc. was outrageous. The name “lamina” which means “the mines” were as a result of the perception the Portuguese had that there might be more tones gold in the land.

The ST. Georges/ Elimina Castle as it’s now called, is 529 years. It was first a small trading post which was explored under the guidance of Don Diego d’Azambuja and other 600 soldiers in 1482.

The trading which was then barter trade (exchange of commodities without money) started in 1471, intensified and then upgraded to the exchange of human beings for other commodities from the Whiteman. These persons used in this exchange were the recalcitrant ones in the communities.

The trading of slaves ensured between the Captains and the Chiefs of the communities. Some of the ships used in carrying the slaves bore names like friendship, God is able, Jesus and others.

The castle which was built with exported limestone, grinded shells and burnt bricks. It was established with the notion of protecting their trade, missionary works and for shelter.

In the Castle where the slaves were kept for 3 to 6 months waiting for the slow ships were called dungeons.

About 60 slaves were kept in one small dungeon and the only source of ventilation was a small four square hole, which was from a room where ammunitions were kept.

At times, when some of the gun power spilled off in that room, it passes through the ventilation hole and  mixes with the already polluted air in the dungeon which was from their faeces, urine, other dead slaves and left over foods turning into a mephitis which also kills some of these slaves.

The women were kept in a separate dungeon were they also faced a mephitis which was from their monthly flow of blood, urine and faeces.

The soldiers took advantage of the women by raping them and the ones who resisted where beaten seriously to serve as a deterrent for others not to resist when the call on them to satisfy their libido.

Right on top of the dungeons was a church and there is this inscription on the wall (Psalm 132: 14). Which says, You said, “This is my home! I will live here forever.”

After the Church service, then they assembled the women slaves and the commander stands on his veranda and makes a choice among the slaves.

The lucky slave woman is then bathed and sent to the chamber of this superior and as you know things will go on. After the soldiers will take advantage of this woman before she was left to join her counterparts.

In case she got pregnant, she was sent to deliver the baby and after she was sent back to the dungeon.

When the child is about 4 and 5 years, he is then enrolled in a castle school and these children bore the names of these white people and they also looked upon other children because they thought they were superior to the other kids.

This act by the soldiers and their commanders were the reason why you can see many white Africans along the coast of Africa.

Before the slaves were transported outside, they were branded with a red-hot metal bearing the initials of their owners and they were allowed to take their last bath in a lake in “Assin manso” in Cape Coast, Ghana.After palm kernel oil was smeared on them. This was done for the slaves to look attractive, young and ready for sale.

The Dutch then took over from the Portuguese in 1637. The castle was later sold to the British in 1872 and Ghanaians had it in 1957 where independence was gained under leadership Dr. Kwame Nkrumah.

The Portuguese took their slaves to Brazil and other countries in South of America, the Dutch took their slaves to Guyana, Surinam and Haiti and the British took theirs to the Caribbean, west Indies etc. 

The "Door of no Return", where the slaves were sent into boats to embark on the trip to abroad has now being changed to "Door of Return" as a result to welcome Africans back home from the diaspora. As we celebrate the “Emancipation day” signifying freedom from the hands of the oppressor.

In 1998, two corpses were returned to Africa through the Cape Coast Castle and these dead people were madam Christabel from Jamaica and Samuel Carson from New York. This was to signify that Africans in the diaspora can return back home.

What I will say to you is that we are all one people; let’s forget about the past but history holds it firm. Now we say “Never again” and you are most welcome back to your root for Ghana is known as the gateway to Africa.

Thank you for sharing such a magnificent time with me.

Lets keep winning and have have a positive mental attitude in all that we do.


Street Talk

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