This Article is About
diabetes
prevention of type 2 diabetes
prevention of diabetes
diabetes prevention
glucose levels
blood glucose
type 1 diabetes
type 2 diabetes
renal failure
circulatory problems
To Prevent Development Of Diabetes
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To Prevent Development Of Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus is a disease primarily related to chronic increases in the bodies glucose levels, but has a number of additional associated problems including renal failure, circulatory problems, cardiac problems, and poor wound healing. Patients with the disease are normally classified into two groups depending on the mechanism behind the disease. Those with type 1 diabetes mellitus normally have increased urination, weight loss, and increased blood glucose related to an inability of the pancreas to produce insulin. Those with Type 2 Diabetes normally present with obesity, a history of cardiovascular problems, and increased blood glucose secondary to a decrease in the bodies ability to recognise and process glucose. The average Type 2 diabetic will progress, over a period of time, to a Type 1 diabetic whose pancreas is no longer able to produce insulin.

For those people concerned with preventing the development of diabetes, they are primarily concerned with prevention of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Prevention of this form of diabetes should be focused on decreasing the number of risk factors one has when being evaluated by their physician. First, patients concerned with diabetes prevention should strive to have an active lifestyle. Current recommendations are activity for a minimum of 30 minutes at least 3-4 times a week but daily is preferred. This will not only reduce the risk of developing diabetes, but help with reduction for risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease, increase strength and improve overall feelings of well being. The activity when combined with a healthy diet helps with risk reducer number two, weight. It is feltthat people with a BMI greater than 25 or central obesity in combination with a normal BMI are also at an increased risk for development of diabetes. The excess fat carried on our bodies makes us less responsive to the effects of insulin, leading to hyperglycaemia.

Another beneficial way to aid in prevention of diabetes is to keep one's blood pressure within normal limits. Hypertension defined as blood pressure greater than 140/90 with normal being less than 120/80. Patients who fall within these two ranges are considered pre-hypertensive and are watched more closely for development of hypertension. Control of blood pressure can also be achieved through exercise, weight reduction, and following a heart healthy diet, low in sodium.

The final major way a person can reduce their risk of developing diabetes is to keep their cholesterol within the normal ranges. Cholesterol is monitored through blood tests, normally taken when a person has been fasting for a period of at least 8 hours. The total cholesterol level is recommended by the American Heart Association to be less than 200 mg/dL. The "good cholesterol" or HDL should be greater than 35, goal to be greater than 40 and "bad cholesterol" or LDL should be less than 140 mg/dL.

There are number of factors contributing to the risk of acquiring diabetes that one cannot change, such as a first-degree relative with diabetes, coming from high risk ethnic group such as African American or Latino, or having a disease which predisposes insulin resistance, such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Although these factors cannot be changed, the installation of a healthy diet and regular exercise program to keep one's body healthy will help to prevent development of diabetes.


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