People Who Need To Perform STD Tests
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People Who Need To Perform STD Tests

Sexually transmitted diseases are diverse, ranging from syphilis, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV. Doctors have their own opinion about who should be tested to diagnose sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Here is a group of people who need to carry out tests sexually transmitted diseases and why.

Recommendations are made based on information about sexual activity and the severity of infection. Experts say that the best strategy for an individual is looking for information, then ask for tests based on his own sexual history.

Here are some basic guidelines sexually transmitted diseases testing as reported by Health(.)com, on Wednesday (14/12/2011):

1. For those who are sexually active

HIV testing is recommended for all adults who are sexually active and pregnant women.

Urine tests have been available for detecting Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections, so it is easier to do than ever. Some physicians recommend routine tests over both the infection if the person is categorized as risky.

2. For ages under 24 years

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the U.S. in 2006, young people aged 15-24 years represent 25% of the sexually active population, but represent nearly 50% of new cases of sexually transmitted diseases.

"Teenagers need to undergo tests once a year to check for HIV, syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea," said H. Hunter Handsfield, MD, professor of clinical medicine at the University of Washington.

Depending on their sexual behavior, testing can be done every few months or every two years in the case of monogamy. Chlamydia is an important test for younger women because the disease is so common and so destructive.

"Sexually transmitted diseases are likely to attack someone but do not show symptoms and can do a lot of damage," said Dr. Handsfield.

3. For men who have sex only with women

Most doctors do not test for possible heterosexual male sexually transmitted diseases other than HIV, unless there are symptoms of the disease.

Women experience more severe health problems as a result of HPV and Chlamydia as well as medical tests to diagnose sexually transmitted disease is quite painful.

Chlamydia can affect male fertility as well. Fortunately, there is now a painless urine test for chlamydia and gonorrhea. Ask this test when visiting the doctor. Depending on the sexual activity, the level of infection, and the level of awareness, testing for syphilis should also be done.

4. For men who have sex with men

HIV and syphilis testing of the most important in this group because of the level of infection of the two diseases is highest in men with men sexual partners. Depending on the number of partners you have, the testing needs to be done more than once a year. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are also prevalent.

5. For women

In addition to be tested for HIV, all women should undergo annual Pap smear to make sure there are no potential precancerous or abnormalities in the cells of the cervix that can be caused by HPV.

"Women aged under 26 years should also receive the HPV vaccination," said Dr. Handsfield.

Sexually transmitted diseases specialist at the University of Washington Medical School Jeanne Marrazzo, MD, suggested that younger women undergoing annual Chlamydia test.

"If you've got a lot of couples, she should undergo more frequent testing," added Jeanne.

Because Chlamydia can be detected with a simple urine test, pelvic exam is not required. Gonorrhea test can also be done at the same time, if there is a concern of infection.

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