This Article is About
memory
brain tumors
nerve cells
cancerous tumors
mental deterioration
benign tumors
brain cells
brain function
Conditions Which Affect Memory
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The brain is the most important organ of the body; it consists of billions of nerve cells or neurons which are intricately linked. It is enclosed in the skull or cranium which offers protection from external shocks.

The brain is the center of higher nervous activity and coordinates all the functions of the body, both voluntarily and involuntarily functions. One of its most important functions is memory.

Memory is the very complex process by which stimuli and information reaching the brain is recorded, analyzed and interpreted, stored and recalled. Memory is essential for the process of cognition. Cognition is the psychological process of perception and learning.

There are many conditions such as, Alzheimer’s disease, brain tumors, chronic alcoholism, chronic depressions, encephalitis, meningitis and Parkinson’s disease, seizure disorders and the sequel of head injuries and strokes which affect brain function and negatively impact on memory, resulting in dementia.

Dementia refers to mental deterioration due to the degeneration and death of nerve cells.

Alzheimer’s disease is a debilitating degenerative disorder in which there is progressive loss of brain cells resulting in severe and eventual total memory loss. It is the commonest form of dementia and affects more than five million Americans.

Brain tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors are relatively slow in their growth and pose fewer risks to health compare to the malignant or cancerous tumors. Cancerous tumors are characterized by their uncontrolled and rapid spread. At the same time, however, both will cause disruption of brain function due to the increased intracranial pressure. The increased pressure on surrounding tissues causes disruption of function, including memory.

Alcoholism is the condition in which a person is not able to control his or her drinking habits and become heavily dependent on alcohol. The result is a chronic intoxication of the body which has adverse effects on health. All organs and systems are affected with primary effects on the brain and central nervous , which increases risks for strokes, the liver resulting in cirrhosis and the heart and blood vessels which increases the risks for high blood pressure and heart attacks

Chronic depression can result from chemical imbalances in the brain. A vicious cycle develops where the effects of depression on the body’s general metabolism further exacerbates this imbalance and can lead to impairment in memory.

Encephalitis is infection or inflammation of the brain tissues. Meningitis is the infection of the meninges or membranes surrounding the brain. Both conditions are usually caused by bacteria or viruses and are acute infections which are potentially life threatening. There are many neurological sequels which can result from these including paralysis, blindness, deafness and impairment of memory. Parkinson’s disease belongs to the group of degenerative disorders

Loss of memory is always a very distressing condition for the affected individual which often leads to chronic depression and withdrawal.


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