This Article is About
alcoholism
alcohol tolerance
anxiety and depression
alcohol consumption
cause of alcoholism
alcohol dependency
brain chemical
brain function
parents friends
Alcoholism Is Due To Many Genes
Join 1000's of Authors at StreetArticles Today!

Many questions have been asked as to whether alcoholism is something that is developed through experiences and surroundings or if it is something hereditary. Finding the cause of alcoholism would lead to understanding how to quickly stop the addiction and the withdrawal symptoms. It was thought to be that heavy alcohol use was caused due to environmental factors, such as parents, friends, housing conditions, but studies have been done to show that having a couple genes or certain conditions in the brain will increase the chance of addiction. Many alcoholics started off by self-medicating their anxiety and depression.

Subhash C. Pandey, Ph.D., a psychiatrist at the University of Illinois at Chicago, found that a high level of anxiety could have a key role in alcohol dependency. Pandey’s work focused on a CREB protein producing gene. CREB is known to regulate brain function during development stages. CREB is also involved in alcohol tolerance, dependence and withdrawal symptoms. Another key part to understanding how CREB is linked to alcohol is by understanding in what part of the brain it is being produced in. The amygdala is the part the brain that deals with arousal, emotions, and hormones. Less CREB in the amygdala will lead to increased anxiety, and therefore an increase in the chance of alcohol consumption. This was proven by breeding mice to have less CREB in their brain which resulted in increased anxiety and preferred to drink alcohol instead of water.

Dr. Danielle Dick at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and her team worked on region of chromosome 15 which has many genes that are involved with the brain chemical, GABA, gamma-amino butyric acid between neurons. They selected three of those genes and used SNP markers to study the differences between the genes in families with alcoholics. The only one that seemed to be different in alcoholics was the GABRG3 gene. Also, dopamine receptors can determine alcoholism also. A person with more D-2 Dopamine receptors will be less likely to crave alcohol and a lower amount of receptors would lead to a higher intake of alcohol leading to a increased risk of alcoholism.

Patricia I. Ordonica, examined alcoholics and found that they were two and a half times more likely to have the OPRIMI gene. The OPRIMI gene is a version of a molecule that is known to trap chemical impulses in the brain. This could explain why people with this gene are likely to become alcoholics. The combination of all of these genes and brain chemicals could be the formula for an alcoholic. Knowing that all these contribute to alcoholism could play an important role in finding a seemingly flawless cure or preventative for alcoholism.


Street Talk

No comments present
You May Also Like
One Of the Most Effective Methods to Treat Alcoholism
Committing yourself to a recovery home has proven to be one of the most effective methods to treat alcoholism, with a high degree of success. What a recovery home is, is a rehabilitation center which offers recovering addicts the opportunity to stay there for several days, weeks, or months, completely…
By: Dan McDaniel in  Health and Fitness  >  Detoxification   Jun 18, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Alcoholism is A Disease
There are many options that exist which are available for the treatment for alcoholism. It is a universally accepted fact that alcoholism is a disease. Sure, the consumption of alcohol starts out as a voluntary act. But it can quickly grow into an overpowering addiction, one that begins to rule…
By: Dan McDaniel in  Health and Fitness  >  Detoxification   Jun 14, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Alcoholism And Behavior
What Is Alcoholism? Alcoholism has been around since ancient times when man first discovered how to make wine from grapes. Over many centuries, both men and women have received intense pleasure from drinking alcohol in one form or another. Whether it is beer, wine, a shot, or a mixed drink…
By: kevin vesoloski in  Health and Fitness  >  Drug Abuse   Dec 29, 2011  
2
  Likes: 3

The Benefits Of Treatment for Alcoholism
Among the myriad of different ways that exist in terms of the treatment for alcoholism, there is one solution that has always been proven to offer an extremely high rate of success: Committing oneself to a recovery home. A recovery home is a live-in rehabilitation center where recovery addicts are…
By: Dan McDaniel in  Health and Fitness  >  Detoxification   Jun 14, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Alcoholism is Not Something People Just Voluntarily Get Themselves Into
Did you know that alcoholism is a disease? Alcoholism is not something people just voluntarily get themselves into. Sure, you could make the argument that you become an alcoholic voluntarily by simple virtue of the fact that nobody can force you to drink alcohol. It is something that you have…
By: Dan McDaniel in  Health and Fitness  >  Detoxification   Jun 18, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Is It Possible To Cure Alcoholism?
Alcoholism is an illness, in just the same way as diabetes, neuro-muscular disease, fetal disease and any other disease is an illness. It's an illness because the person smitten with it is unable to stop drinking without very considerable help. The question; is it possible to cure alcoholism? is no.…
By: Mike Bond in  Health and Fitness  >  Detoxification   May 09, 2012  
5
  Likes: 0

Examples Of Ways Alcoholism May Be Treated
Many options exist that recovering alcoholics can avail themselves of, for the treatment for alcoholism. Alcoholism is universally accepted to be classified as a disease. While it starts out as a voluntary indulgence, it can quickly spiral out of control and devolve into an addiction that overpowers your sense of…
By: Dan McDaniel in  Health and Fitness  >  Detoxification   Jun 18, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

US Surgeons And Alcoholism: Statistics May Be Frightening to Some
The man who drives the truck delivering supplies to the hospital must take drug tests- at the start of his employment and randomly to keep his job. The woman that works in the cafeteria might also need to take these drug tests as well. But, there is one group in…
By: amie nogrady in  Health and Fitness  >  Medicine   Feb 22, 2012  
4
  Likes: 1

Alcoholism: An Understanding Of Terms
Alcoholism is the chronic ill effects on health due to alcohol abuse and addiction. It is very important to clarify and make the distinctions between alcohol abuse, addiction, intoxication and alcoholism. Alcohol binge refers to an intemperate or immoderate consumption of alcohol. The excess consumption of alcohol which results in…
By: DiParco in  Health and Fitness  >  Medicine   Jul 19, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Alcoholism - A Quick Overview
Going to the bar, attending a party, preparing for an event, these are things that many people do to socialize with each other. There is also one thing that is always present on these affairs—alcohol. From beers to dainty cocktails, from straight hard liquors to elegant wines and champagnes, everything…
By: Marie9 in  Health and Fitness  >  Detoxification   Oct 13, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

Facts on Alcoholism - Read Between the Lies
I just read an article that talks about all the conflicts of interest that are involved when it comes to the facts of alcoholism. The number of people and organizations that benefit from this disease is astounding. The amount of money that these people make is even more astounding. So…
By: Shawn Hedley in  Self Improvement  >  Addictions   Jul 02, 2011  
0
  Likes: 1

Signs One is An Alcoholic
The simplest definition of an alcoholic is one who suffers from alcohol dependence syndrome which is the most severe stage of drinking problems. Alcoholism does not emerge in a single day. It is the culmination of progressive drinking that eventually takes hold on an individual and makes them slave. At…
By: Peter Gichuru in  Health and Fitness  >  Drug Abuse   Apr 14, 2013  
0
  Likes: 1

Importance Of Family In Substance Abuse Treatment
Intended for family unit & acquaintances of drug and alcohol addicted persons, address the dependence are single of the mainly not easy aspect of serving the addicted personality look for handling. Frequently, in excess of time, every day relations participation has single manage to allow the addict. Family unit normally…
By: willingways in  Health and Fitness  >  Drug Abuse   Apr 15, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Denial In Recovery? By Salma Basharat
Addiction takes an influential hold not only on the addicted person, but on their loved ones and family members. Both the addicted person and their loved ones often fight the stigma of addiction because of the old and highly misguided faith that addiction is simply an affair of weak will…
By: willingways in  Health and Fitness  >  Drug Abuse   Apr 09, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Electronic Cigarettes Are Harmful to Your Lungs
Despite the fact that electronic cigarettes are marketed as a potentially safer alternative to traditional cigarettes, according to a new study, they can still cause harm to human lungs. A new study, presented in Vienna at the annual congress of the European Respiratory Society (ERS), presented one more evidence in…
By: Kinna in  Health and Fitness  >  Drug Abuse   Feb 29, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Article Views: 1865    Report this Article