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Details On Retinoblastoma In Children
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Details on Retinoblastoma In Children

Not heard much about eye cancer, right? The latest news on eye cancer is that it is mostly seen in very young babies and children. The Canadian researchers have just discovered this new type of eye cancer, viz., retinoblastoma. Children falling under the age of fifteen years seem to be affected by this rarest form of cancer. Generally, the tumor starts in the retina and affects only one eye, but may affect both eyes in some children. Thanks to the recent study, the success rate of curing the eye cancer in kids is more than ninety percent.

Latest studies reveal that every year almost three hundred children below the age of five are diagnosed with retinoblastoma, most of them at the age of two. It is a devastating situation for the parents as well. Seeing their child suffer from such a dreadful cancer can seem to be a very painful situation.

It is essential that you visit an eye specialist in case you notice misaligned eyes, .i.e., strabismus, or leukocoria .i.e. white pupil. Immediate medical attention is necessary, in case there is neovascular glaucoma along with pain, or buphthalmos, .i.e. enlargement of eye. Such children are definitely at a higher risk.

These above conditions may signal some other eye related diseases as well. Hence, the doctor will conduct proper examination by using anesthesia. The physician may conduct several blood tests, radiographic scans, digital photography, ultrasound, etc. to diagnose this type of cancer. Eye cancer specialists may suggest a biopsy, but is mostly avoided to prevent the spread of cancerous cells to the other parts of eye.

Retinoblastoma, is basically a malignant, primary intraocular tumor. The main factors responsible for it include genetic predisposition, mutation, or due to loss of retinoblastoma or defective retinoblastoma. This eye cancer can be heritable or non heritable. Get an idea about its recurrence, metastasis, etc. the tumor is usually examined under microscope so as to determine whether it is low, intermediate or high risk.

The eye cancer treatments will vary depending on the size of the tumor. If it is a small tumor, the treatment will include cryotherapy, laser photocoagulation, transpupillary thermotherapy.Brachytherapy, chemotherapy and external beam therapy may be advised for medium sized tumors. Large tumors will require chemotherapy along with the local treatment or enucleation. However, radiation may lead to development of second cancers in the future. Therefore, the treatment of this eye cancer mainly involves shrinking the retinoblastoma through chemotherapy and treating it with laser therapy, cryotherpay as well as local plaque radiation.

As a parent, you may find it difficult to cope if your child is diagnosed with this rare type of cancer. However, you need to be calm and give support to your child and prepare him/her for undergoing the above treatments. The success rate of curing this type of eye cancer is really high, and therefore, it is your duty as a parent to give moral support to your child to follow the procedures suggested by the oncologist so that your child is cured completely. Take a step and help your child to live a beautiful life ahead.


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