This Article is About
portrait of the artist as a young man
living in ireland
artist as a young man
moral values
judgement
guilt
And The Soul Of The Sinner Was Judged
Join 1000's of Authors at StreetArticles Today!

“And while the friends were still standing in tears by the bedside the soul of the sinner was judged” (120). James Joyce writes this as he leads Stephen through a religious crisis in chapter three of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.

Throughout chapter three of this story, Stephen begins to fear for his moral standing with God. Earlier in the book, Stephen had betrayed God by sleeping with a prostitute, and guilt causes the teen living in Ireland to classify himself as a sinner. The thought that Stephen’s soul will be forever given a bad name if he does not side with God can relate to the political issues of the time with Parnell and the conflicting views of Ireland in the fight to choose country or religion. In this passage of chapter three, the “friends” that stand in tears beside Stephen represent the Irish people who supported Parnell in their distress when they had heard of his affair that went against all their moral values. This conflict brings out differences in those who favored religion versus those who favored their country and stood behind Parnell. Stephen’s soul relates to the sins of Parnell, and the character’s conflicting positions on his own sins relates to the split between views of people in Ireland.

During time where this story takes place, those living in Ireland were attempting to separate their country from the control of England, and Charles Parnell almost succeeded at uniting the Irish, until the country learned of his affair. Then people either chose to support Parnell in spite of their religion, or they supported the church in spite of country nationalists. Proof that Stephen has the Irish conflict on his mind, in the midst of his fears of religious judgement, are shown during this chapter when Joyce writes, “the letters of the name of Dublin lay heavily upon his mind” (119). Stephen looks within the “letters” of his city’s name to find what is going on in society.

Letters make up a word just as societal views create Dublin’s overall image.When Stephen sees the conflict that lies within the countries views, regarding to the issue of country over religion, the problems lay “heavily upon his mind”. The time period’s conflicting views in Ireland cause diverse areas of tension between citizens, and the heavy topic of Parnell in Ireland shows why Joyce would relate it to a hard time in Stephen’s life. Stephen then goes to further questions himself as he confronts his morality and whether or not to confess his sins.

The idea that if you have sinned once, you have forever ruined the image of your soul relates Stephen’s soul to Parnell and his affair. Parnell was able to unite Ireland with the possibility to rise up against Britain in hopes of becoming an independent country. However when the public found out about his affair, Ireland split within itself and had destroyed their chances of independence.

Joyce shows this when he writes, “that time is gone: gone forever” (140). The “time” that Joyce refers to is the time that Parnell spent trying to bring Ireland together in a revolt against Britain. After the affair, or in Stephen’s case going to the prostitutes, there is a split and restoring the old ways seems as if it is “gone forever”. Stephen begins to worry that choosing sin would cause him to be forever divided between views, just like Ireland was in the time that Joyce writes this book.

Stephen’s soul also relates to Parnell and his tarnished reputation when Joyce writes about the eternity of hell. Joyce writes, “last and crowning torture of all the tortures of that awful place is the eternity hell. Eternity! O, dread the dire word” (142). The priest that preaches his views on hell says this to Stephen, and he puts stress on the eternity of hell that will result if one does not confess their sins. The eternity of hell relates to Parnell and his affair because it shows how he could never reverse his actions to change how the public now viewed him.

When Joyce writes, “torture of all tortures” he refers to the thoughts that Ireland was close to a possible revolt for independence, but then failed when the sins of Parnell’s affair divided the country. Joyce writes Stephen’s moral conflict to coincide with the difficult state of Ireland following public divide. The bad and sinful image of Parnell corrupts views of him to Irish citizens, and those who choose religion over country will see Parnell as a sinner for “eternity”. Stephen feels that if he does not confess, then he is in danger of being viewed by the priests in the way more the religiously focused Irish view Parnell. Stephen fears becoming a sinner for life.

Throughout Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, he brings up the issue of religion versus country in Ireland in regards to the issue of Parnell’s affair. During chapter three of the novel, Stephen represents this recurring issue with his own problem of whether or not to confess his sins. The preachings during the chapter encourage Stephen to confess, because he begins to fear that if he does not right his moral wrongs, then his soul will be sent to hell for eternity. The thought of eternity may relate to Parnell’s newfound image as sinner, and Stephen would not want to meet this same fate, causing him to end the chapter with a confession of his sins and union with God.


Street Talk

Great job Erin!! I'm so proud of you for getting this published!! Your paper is really good!! :)

Reply
  about 1 decade ago
You May Also Like
The Clench for Independence
In the novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man Stephen, the main character, and his mother depict the relationship between England and Ireland. Leading up to chapter four, Stephen has been discovering himself as a “man”, one way was by going to prostitutes, which he later confesses.…
By: Megan Peters in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Jan 18, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

Get A Uk Ip Address In Ireland
There are many reasons why it might be desirable to get a UK IP address in Ireland. This is related to the differences in what is available when you are online. The internet is far from uniform across the world, and what you can view is strongly dependent on where…
By: Rodders Gillam in  Computers and Technology  >  Software   Oct 07, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

Get An Australian IP Address In Ireland
It is tempting to consider the internet a completely safe environment where everything you do is only seen by you, but sadly, this is not the case. In reality, there is always a risk that someone will obtain some of your information, and you never know who is watching what…
By: Roderick B in  Computers and Technology  >  Software   Apr 17, 2013  
0
  Likes: 0

The Clench for Independence
In the novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man Stephen, the main character, and his mother depict the relationship between England and Ireland. Leading up to chapter four, Stephen has been discovering himself as a “man”, one way was by going to prostitutes, which he later confesses.…
By: Megan Peters in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Jan 18, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

The Fifty Shades Phenomenon
If you live on planet Earth, then surely you must have heard of the Fifty Shades Trilogy. Fifty Shades Trilogy is a love story, divided in three novels, all written by E.L James. By the end of July, the Fifty Shades Trilogy had sold 20 million copies in the United…
By: Jo Green in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Aug 19, 2012  
2
  Likes: 5

The Top Rated Audio Books
Some of the top rated audio books are written by Brandon Sanderson. The author Brandon Sanderson has recently come to fame for finishing The Wheel of Time series after Robert Jordan's death. Sanderson is a new author with some incredible talent. He has written many fantasy / fiction novels and…
By: Nox Solaris in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Dec 22, 2011  
0
  Likes: 1

50 Shades Trilogy Review
The 50 Shades of Grey novel is the first book in a trilogy of novels by the author E L James. When it was first published online it was originally supposed to be Twilight fan fiction and while James has created an entirely new set of novels the basis is…
By: Alana R in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Aug 02, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

The Top Fantasy Books Of 2012
Finding good fantasy books can be challenging. With more and more fantasy books coming out all the time, it is important to read a good book review to make sure you will enjoy the book before you decide to buy the book. If you are a fan of fantasy books…
By: Nox Solaris in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Dec 23, 2011  
0
  Likes: 2

Best Fiction Books
The best fiction books are always up for debate but the masses have spoken on many Authors. Here is my take on the what books really do classify as works of the best fiction in the industry. Brandon Sanderson has written some of those most highly prized works ofliteraturethat isavailableon…
By: Nox Solaris in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Nov 19, 2011  
1
  Likes: 1

The Jerusalem Inception, By: Avraham Azrieli
“Gerster, Jerusalem Gerster” doesn’t have quite the ring as, “Bond, James Bond” however as a character in author Avraham Azrieli’s book titled The Jerusalem Inception, James has nothing over Jerusalem with respect to international espionage, romantic exploits and nation building. Set in the time beginning at the end of World…
By: Pacific Book Review in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Sep 29, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Some Have Said Creator is the Best Read Of their Entire Lives
One of the best books to read for me is Creator. I thought it was hilarious, and it is an intelligent, and eye opening read. It sure pokes fun at the human race, but also offers a way to look at it in a positive light. Creator has everything. It…
By: Michael MorphTactic in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Aug 23, 2011  
0
  Likes: 2

The Romanov Prohecy By Steve Berry Book Review
As a Russian history buff I was intrigued by the title of the book, The Romanov Prophecy. Set in contemporary times after the fall of Communism and the failure of weak governments the Russian people have voted in a referendum to reinstate the monarchy and a new Tsar. The new…
By: Ian Worrall in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   May 23, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Best Fantasy Books
Many authors claim to have create the best fantasy book in the world but only a few can take even a glimpse into the world of greatness. Many classical novels have made it into the hall of fame but with fantasy becoming one of the most sought after genre in…
By: Nox Solaris in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Nov 22, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

What Are the Ten Top Best Books Really, You Might Be Surprised
The top ten in books might not be what you think. First of all, a lot of people would probably consider the following books the ten top best books: 1. To Kill a Mockingbird 2. 1984 3. Pride and Prejudice 4. The Lord of the Rings 5. The Catcher in…
By: Michael MorphTactic in  Book Reviews  >  Fiction   Aug 23, 2011  
0
  Likes: 2

Article Views: 2111    Report this Article