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siamese fighting fish
responsible pet owner
betta fish
fish tanks
common illnesses
common diseases
tropical fish
Common Betta Fish Diseases
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Common Betta Fish Diseases

Perhaps you have a sick betta and are trying to diagnose which of the many betta fish diseases it may have. Or, maybe you want to know what possible treatment options are available for an illness you are sure your Siamese fighting fish is coming down with. Either way, learning about the common diseases that affect bettas and how to treat them is an important part of being a responsible pet owner and a task you should take seriously.

Here are some details about the most likely betta fish diseases you are likely to come across:

Ick: Ick is a type of external parasite that is unfortunately very easily spread between most tropical fish. When betta fish have ick, it is easy to recognize since they look like they have crystals of salt or sugar stuck to their scales, face, and even fins! No other common illnesses can mimic this disease. Ick is an external parasite that can live in the water column for part of the life cycle which makes it difficult to treat at times. The best treatment for ick is to raise the water temperature to 85F, to add salt, and to remember that you need to treat the whole tank and not just one fish that shows signs of this parasite. Some experts have had success with malachite green and even dilute formalin when treating Siamese fighting fish with ick!

Fin Rot: Fin rot is another very common illness that affects many bettas. The major culprit that allows fin rot to take hold of a betta is dirty water. Most fish kept in well maintained fish tanks will never get fin rot. This disease is usually either a bacterial or fungal infection, though a sick fish can certainly have both fungus and bacteria contaminating their fins! The betta fish with fin rot will start to look like its fins are melting way or being eaten up. They can then begin to get a darker color outlining the remaining fins and tail. Fin rot and tail rot is best treated with big water changes to correct the issue with dirty water. Then, a quality antibacterial such as tetracycline as well as the antifungal `fungus eliminator` together should be enough to treat this disease. Once the fins start to regrow the most important thing to remember is to keep the water clean with regular water changes.

Betta fish diseases can quickly turn a healthy Siamese fighting fish into one that doesn`t eat, loses weight, and dies if they are not quickly diagnosed and treated properly!


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