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varicose veins
deep vein thrombosis
compression stockings
compression stocking
pregnant woman
tiredness
ankles
important things
Varicose Veins During Pregnancy
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Varicose Veins During Pregnancy

When a woman gets pregnant she is overwhelmed with happiness and concern for the baby but usually forgets the two most important things that will carry and sustain her during pregnancy: her legs!

What does it mean to have leg problems during pregnancy? What are the symptoms?

Disorders such as tiredness, swollen feet, varicose veins, itching ankles, feeling of heaviness and tension in the legs are part of everyday problems of an expectant mother.

Many women have a family history of venous disease: it's known that if the parents or close relatives had venous disease then the person is more likely to develop one or more disorders of the veins during her lifetime. The occurrence of this disease is not mandatory, but it is very common and requires the combination of one or more precipitating factors: pregnancy, is one of the most important.

What should be done in order to prevent the risk of serious disease such as Varicose Veins or Deep Vein Thrombosis during pregnancy?

The first thing to do is to wear graduate compression stockings. Everyday.

A pregnant woman should ALWAYS wear her stockings. They should be the first thing she puts on in the morning and the last thing she takes off at night.

Graduated compression stockings are medical devices that can eventually heal our legs. The pressure that the product must perform at the ankle should therefore be correlated to the degree of prevention to be achieved.

The stockings on the market are classified in different levels of compression and it's important that the product has the certification of this legislation.

Unfortunately, the purchase of compression stocking is often done improperly: attracted by advertisements for "comfortable" or "relaxing" stockings, many women buy products that often are insufficient to properly treat their venous problem.

On the market you can find compression stockings that are not therapeutic called simply "relaxing" or "comfortable" stockings. These products usually have a compression up to 18mmHg. These socks are particularly indicated for the beginning of the pregnancy, till the fifth month, in absence of venous diseases.

Compression stockings that produce a pressure of 18 to 21 mmHg at the ankle are those prescribed to all women after the first 5 months of pregnancy. This measure of compression is actually suitable for all patients, males and females who suffer from a mild varicose veins disorder.

Esthetically, the stock can be found in different colors, very pleasing to the eye. The material used in their production can be cotton or microfiber.

Compression stockings that exert a pressure of 23 to 32 mmHg at the ankle are suitable for high pressure venous insufficiency, especially for those who suffer from a large swelling of the legs in the evening. Compression stockings that produce a pressure of 34 to 46 mmHg at the ankle and are indicated for venous insufficiency syndrome. Those with a pressure of 49 mmHg are indicated for serious diseases such as lymphedema, their use is only in hospitals.

How to choose the right product for your venous circulation?

As I mentioned before, the graduated compression stockings for the pregnant woman that does NOT suffer already from varicose veins in her legs and with a gestational age below the 5 th month, is coded as "support" and has a compression of 18 mm Hg. It appears that the variation better tolerated is knee tights for obvious practical reasons. Lower compression will NOT have any therapeutic effect.

From 5 months onwards, the elastic stocking must be from 18 to 21mmHg. For pregnant women WITH varicose veins or deep venous insufficiency diagnosis from the beginning of her pregnancy, the graduation of the stockings should start already at 18 mmHg and after 5 months pass to 23 to 32 mmHg.

If these patients adopt normal "support" stockings during the first months of pregnancy, there is absolutely no therapeutic benefit and they are totally useless since this class of compression does not improve at all venous return to the heart.


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