This Article is About
public domain
copyright protection
homework
niche
united states
How To Determine Whether Information Published In The United States Is In The Public Domain
Join 1000's of Authors at StreetArticles Today!

You've found some materials you'd like to use, but you're not sure if, in fact, they're part of the public domain. You think you have a seller for your niche, but you're just not sure. This article will focus on materials published in the United States, because the rules aren't universally followed worldwide.

The first rule is easy. Was it published before 1923? If so, you're good. It's definitely in the public domain. You can start using it for whatever reason you wish and charge whatever you wish.

Was it published between 1923 and 1963? Now it gets a little stickier. Anything published after 1923 is going to require some homework. If published during these years, it had copyright protection for 28 years. If that copyright was renewed, it would have received an additional 47 years, which has since been increased to 67 years. If it wasn't renewed after the intial 28 years, it's now in the public domain. Do your homework on this one to verify copyright protection.

Now we move chronolgically to the years 1964 to 1977. Copyright here will last 28 years from the original publication date. There is no renewal required, so the copyright automatically kicks in for another 67 years. Here's the catch: It had to be published with a valid copyright notice in order to be protected. It doesn't mean it's not in the public domain after the inital 28 years. Again, do your homework.

Here's an interesting one. What if it was created before January 1, 1978 but never published? This one is simple. Copyright continues from the date of the author's death plus 70 years or the date December 31, 2002, whichever is the greater of the two.

Okay, what if it was created before January 1, 1978, but it was published between that date and December 31, 2002? Now what? This one is pretty simple, too. Copyright continues from the date of the author's death plus 70 years or December 31, 2047, whichever is greater.

Here's the last one for works created in the United States. What if it was created on or after January 1, 1978? It's that author's date of death plus 70 years. If it happens to be a corporate piece, it's 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever is shorter.

There you have it. That takes care of works created/published in the United States and their status in the public domain. In later articles, I'll focus on how works created and/or used internationally are affected by copyright. For now, just be aware that because a US work published prior to 1923 is in the public domain here, it doesn't mean that rule applies elsewhere. More later.


Street Talk

No comments present
You May Also Like
Profiting From the Public Domain
So what exactly is the public domain? Basically, it's any work that no longer has any copyright attached to it. For example, anything written prior to 1923 is automatically a part of the public domain. For example, a work by a favorite author from the 1800's is in the public…
By:  in  Home Based Business   May 02, 2011  
0
  Likes: 1

Public Domain Niche Idea #4
Here is yet another idea for a niche marketer looking to profit from the public domain. I've already discussed books, recipes, and video. This article will focus on audio. As is the case with other areas, there is a vast array of audio available in the public domain. And I'm…
By:  in  Home Based Business   May 09, 2011  
0
  Likes: 2

How to Determine If A Work Published Outside the United States Is In the Public Domain
In a previous article I discussed how to determine if something published within the United States is part of the public domain. Here's a question: What if it's not? The first one is easy. If it was published prior to July 1, 1909, it is in the public domain in…
By:  in  Home Based Business   May 06, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Public Domain Niche Idea #2
When it comes to using the public domain, this is probably one of my favorite ideas as far as niches go. . .first, because I love the public domain, and two, because I love to cook. This is a perfect union. Why not take old cookbooks in the public domain…
By:  in  Home Based Business   May 07, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Public Domain Niche Idea #3
I don't think you'll come across too many people who don't like either movies or TV shows. The public domain can be a gold mine here. There are a number of sites that, with a little bit of searching, can provide you with movies, clips, commericals, TV shows, and more…
By:  in  Home Based Business   May 08, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Public Domain Niche Idea #1
In an earlier article I focused on what the public domain is and how it can be used to your advantage. Over the course of the next several articles, I'm going to focus on potential niches you could explore to turn public domain materials into cash. Here's idea #1. But…
By:  in  Home Based Business   May 03, 2011  
0
  Likes: 1

How to Determine If A Work Published Outside the United States Is In the Public Domain
In a previous article I discussed how to determine if something published within the United States is part of the public domain. Here's a question: What if it's not? The first one is easy. If it was published prior to July 1, 1909, it is in the public domain in…
By:  in  Home Based Business   May 06, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

The Ultimate Guide to Drop Shipping
In this blog post, I will be explaining what drop shipping is. In short, drop shipping is a retail fulfillment method where a store doesn’t keep the products it sells in stock. Instead, when a store sells a product, it purchases the item from a third party and has it…
By: Ervin in  Home Based Business  >  Network Marketing   Jun 07, 2016  
2
  Likes: 3

Make An Inventory And Persist With the List
Been grocery looking lately? If you have got i am positive you were surprised by your grocery bill. Let ME tell you, you're not alone. We have a tendency to usually see a third yearly rate of inflation, that most likely does not sound sort of a ton however once…
By: Adolff Wilsonn in  Home Based Business   May 30, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

What Makes Hitachi Nr9aes The Best Framing Nailer
When it comes to nail guns and drills, I have always preferred to buy Hitachi as they are manufactured to last a long time giving incredible performance in the mean time. They are also quite maintainable and you can repair them if necessary as Hitachi nail gun parts and Hitachi…
By: Tool Man in  Home Based Business   May 28, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Cleaning & Maintenance Of Jet Drill Press Chuck
Millions of craftsmen and carpenters rely on JET drill presses around the globe to get their tasks done with comfort and convenience. They choose JET because of many upsides including the ability to maintain the drill press over a long period of time. In case of any discrepancy, JET replacement…
By: Tool Man in  Home Based Business   May 20, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

How to Build A Free Wordpress Website
All over the Internet, we are constantly being bombarded with easy ways to build a website. Mostly, a plug-and-play method is advised. The Affiliate Marketer may easily fall into the trap of assuming that building a website, is child’s play… That could not be further from the truth. It is…
By: Ronald Griqua in  Home Based Business   May 18, 2016  
1
  Likes: 2

Emotional Intelligence And the Affiliate Marketer
Emotional intelligence is a heavy word in our society. Many people have heard about measuring your intelligence by making use of a mental performance rating called “Intelligence Quotient” (IQ). This would indicate how clever or smart you are. However, with emotional intelligence it is a little bit different. The dictionary…
By: Ronald Griqua in  Home Based Business   May 18, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

The Secret Of Affiliate Marketing
Every Affiliate Marketer is desperately seeking after the secret of Affiliate Marketing. If that code is cracked, the rest becomes easy. As with all secrets, we never expect the answer to be logical, simple and within reach. However, let us first define Affiliate Marketing… How would one define Affiliate Marketing?…
By: Ronald Griqua in  Home Based Business   May 18, 2016  
2
  Likes: 2

Garage Door Repair Stockton
You will end up in a position to conduct the straightforward fixes all on your own however on the subject of factors just like replacing the actual springs, you will demand to depend on an expert. The particular kind of your garage door is definitely likewise the variable that will…
By: Jim Kunnert in  Home Based Business  >  Network Marketing   May 18, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Article Views: 1109    Report this Article