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How To Cultivate Bonsai Type Trees
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Bonsai trees are ornaments in your home. Where do they originate from? Where and how do you cultivate them? What are the styles of bonsai? What methods do you use to shape and wire your bonsai tree? How often and when do you prune them? How often should you water them? What compost should you use? When should you repot them? When should you trim them? What pests and parasites can damage your bonsai tree?

Over the last two decades there has been growth in the popularity of bonsai trees. With such an increase in bonsai trees there have been ever more dedicated communities of enthusiasts everywhere. More than an exotic flowering plant, bonsai is regarded as an art form which requires passion, precision and panache. Our bonsai tree reflects the grower's personal characteristics. Bonsai trees require endeavour.

Originally endemic to both China and Japan, our bonsai is adaptable and hardy enough to grow across any temperate zone worldwide if they are cultivated indoors or in greenhouses where the climatic and compost conditions can be carefully regulated. From the exotic plant owners perspective, bonsai are sensitive requiring the qualities of both patience and solitude. Only orchids are as demanding to grow.

Only buy your bonsai tree when it is less than 2 years old. Bonsai design is only successful if the species of bonsai is right for you to grow and whether it can thrive. You have to know how to design your bonsai to create a beautiful work of art. By using ageing techniques you can create interesting design effects. Such as roughened trunks. Use customised alteration techniques such as domes.

Each bonsai tree should be tray cultivated from one of the following species: chinese elm, chinese yew, apple blossom, japanese juniper and maple and black pine, hinoki cypress, satsuki azalea, fukien tea, korean hornbeam, ficus, scots pine, cherry, quince, fukien tea, rowan, silver birch, hawthorn, larch, fig, maple, beech.

All these have the proper temperature, humidity, lighting, soil, compost, repotting, watering, hydration, root structure and nutrition tolerances required to cultivate your bonsai tree. Bonsai are miniaturised trees which have been expertly cultivated and styled and designed to become an ornament in your home. As such they require an education for any beginner understand the fundamentals to grow bonsai.

In the culture of bonsai tray cultivation there are 12 recognised styles. All of them require you to have patience if you want to produce exquisitely crafted bonsai trees. Firstly, there is the Chokken style where the trunk is upright and straight followed. Secondly, there is the Motogi style where the trunk characteristically tapers. Thirdly, there is the Kengai style where the tree is side on the mountain. Fourthly, there is Hokidachi which is the broom style.

Another eight design styles characterise bonsai. The fifth main style is Shakan where bonsai trunks curve and bend. Sixthly, there is hon-kengai where the tree grows far below the top rim of your bonsa pot. Seventh of these styles is netsunanari where the bonsai style resembles some horizontal fallen bonsai.

If there is some bare trunk line the bonsai style is known as bunjingi. Besides this, there is the twin trunks style. When the bonsai roots are balanced over rocks the style is known as sokijuju. Lastly amid the styles are the windswept look bonsai and the classic tray landscape look. Once you have reviewed these classic styles of bonsai you can begin to start to design your bonsai to create the right effect in your home.

Early in the cultivation of your bonsai tree you must ensure that you have the right bonsai substrate composition if you are to endeavour with growing your own bonsai tree. Every bonsai pot should have substrate formed from top layers of sand, middle layers of gravel and bottom layers of especially granite. Each time you use granite you retain the moisture and nutrients which has to both supply and circulate throughout the roots.

Above the substrate you should have top quality Akadama soil which will retain and store any dissolved nutrients for the extensive and robust root system characteristic of bonsai trees. Between the top level soil and bottom layer substrate there should be dwarf grass, rushes, lichens and mosses. By arranging your bonsai pot soil and substrate composition you are ensuring that your bonsai tree is always moist.

Now you know how to setup your soil and substrate composition. Next, you have to know how to water your bonsai and what the nutrition feeding requirements are. While you water your bonsai you should provide it with exactly the right amount. Use spraying so as not to waterlog your soil. As waterlogging kills bonsai trees quickly avoid overwatering. Unless you can see the bonsai roots from above the soil don't spray. Always spray bonsai before dusk to protect your bonsai from leaf scorch in the day.

Styling your bonsai tree requires specific tools to achieve the exact shape. Such as anodised aluminium wire and hardened annealed copper wire which shape the young wood. Both trunks and branches should be bent to achieve these styles. By exactly applying wiring at 45 degrees at even spaces along the length of the branch which are anchored on the trunk by wiring two branches together.

From the perspective of the bonsai tree owner knowing when to prune your bonsai to eliminate any dead branches and keep the exact shape of the bonsai is essential. It is recommended that November is the best time to start to prune your trees.

Almost always cut back the new shoots. After pruning, bonsai trunks thicken to resemble an ageing bonsai. Only ever prune about 10% of the total root mass. Firstly, trim the root ball. Secondly, remove the tap root using the root hook. Tools you require are branch cutters, branch node cutters, wire cutters to remove wires set in place for your style besides scissors, shears and root hooks for your bonsai roots.

In the following month of December, repotting should commence. At this stage you should hide your bonsai in the shade to protect it from the summer temperatures. When repotting, you should do this every year as your bonsai tree starts to grow into maturity. After repotting you should reduce the level of watering during the next 4 weeks. Because root growth requires nutrient circulation reduce spraying.

Another fact to bear in mind is to repot every 2-3 years during March-April period. Once your bonsai tree reaches adult maturity you need to repot at 3 year intervals. Some varieties such as pyracantha bonsai only require repotting every 3 years because they have ultra-efficient tap roots.

Much as any other tree, the bonsai miniature trees are susceptible to pests. If the bonsai needles become speckled or mottled, then spider mite infestation has occurred. Besides spider mite, aphids frequently infest bonsai needles. If the bonsai leaves do change colour from evergreen to yellow, these are signs that you must eliminate these pests and parasites from your bonsai by gently applying pesticides.

Once you understand the rigour of growing your own bonsai tree, then growing your own bonsai should be straightforward.

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