Cognitive Behavioral, Person - Centered, And Solution Focused Therapies
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Cognitive Behavioral, Person  -  centered, And Solution Focused Therapies

Mental Health Specialists utilize a vast array of techniques to facilitate clients in their individual facets of struggle. Each client presents with specific needs. A preferred therapy method is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). CBT is a goal-driven approach in which a client works to change negative and distorted thought patterns about particular problems. The counselor and client meet each week, and treatment at times comes with some form of homework associated with the session material. Visits are therapist structured and dependent upon client objectives. CBT is centered on thought processing and behaviors. Behaviors are not in most cases attributed to explicit incidents, but much more likely a result of the emotions and exactly how one’s brain interprets these incidents. CBT is evidenced based and favored as most successful for clients contending with anxiety, depression, addictions, trauma and other mental health situations.

Solution Focused Therapy (SFT), also known as "Solution Focused Brief Therapy," is a form of psychotherapy where the therapist and client concentrate on solutions to what future success would be like if particular circumstances no longer existed. SFT has short-term goals and especially focuses on the here and now in preference to paying attention to occurrences from one’s past. This technique includes reflection, decision making and pursuits for limited problems which often can make it easier for clients to arrive at an immediate goal. It is a short-term therapy for distinct and less complex circumstances.

Person-Centered Therapy (PCT), also referred to as Client-Centered Therapy, is centered on the philosophy that the counselor will keep unconditional, positive regard for the client without exception. The therapist’s function is therapeutically non-directive and the client is stimulated to take the lead. The therapist facilitates the individual with the digesting of inner thoughts and in assisting clients in making their own decisions, choices and with discovering solutions to their various challenges. Therapists lend reassurance and indefinite approval during this discovery process. The building block of PCT is undeniable trust involving client and therapist. The therapist empathically acknowledges the client for who they are irrespective of any outrageous mistakes they may have made in the past.

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing) is an evidence-based type of comprehensive psychotherapy. It is conducted by alternately and bilaterally stimulating brain processing (EMDR) through sight, sound or vibrations/tapping sensations. It is still most frequently defined as the most successful treatment of PTSD for returning military veterans. EMDR is accessible through well trained therapists who are able to assist most clients who have endured long-lasting drawbacks from massive trauma in their lives.

The World Health Organization has published "Guidelines for the management of conditions that are specifically related to stress:” Trauma-focused CBT and EMDR are the only therapies recommended for children, teenagers and adults with PTSD. Similar to CBT having a trauma focus, EMDR therapy aspires to cut down subjective worry and enhance adaptive cognitions pertaining to the distressing circumstance. As opposed to CBT utilizing a trauma focus, EMDR does not involve (a) detailed descriptions of the event, (b) direct challenging of beliefs, (c) extended exposure, or (d) homework." (Geneva, WHO, 2013)


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