This Article is About
motivation
motivation motivation
motivators
behavioral responses
specific activity
Motivation Counseling And Education In Northeast Ohio
Join 1000's of Authors at StreetArticles Today!

Motivation Counseling And Education In Northeast Ohio

“Something” triggers you to get out of bed each morning, to eat, to seek and maintain relationships, to run in a marathon. That “something” is motivation. Motivation influences the initiation, direction, intensity, and persistence of behavior (Evans, 1999). It is the feeling or attitude of personal investment in accomplishing a specific activity or goal (Krepps, 2001). Motivation explains the relationships between environmental stimuli and behavioral responses. Joseph Marzano PhD, LPCC, a behavioral modification specialist in Austintown, Ohio states that while there are almost limitless numbers of motivators that individuals respond to, they can be divided into four overlapping categorizes.

Biological motivators: Biological motivators are a very basic category. These include the basic human requirement for food, water, sex, and temperature regulation. Think about how you feel when you haven’t eaten in 6 or 8 hours. At that point, the biological need for food is certainly a motivator.

Emotional motivators: The second category of motivators includes the many emotions humans experience. Alone, late at night, almost asleep, you think you hear footsteps on the stairs to your bedroom. The fear generated by such an event would be a strong motivator for action. Every emotion creates a relationship between you and the environment and influences how you perceive the world around you.

Cognitive motivators: Cognition can be a motivator. Think of the number of things you have been motivated to do by the way you think about the various aspects of life. In essence, what you think, the goals you choose to think about, and the cognitive perceptual processes that help create those goals contribute to what you choose to do. Thoughts create the situations and guide the outcomes of interpersonal interactions.

Social motivators: The fourth type of motivator is the various social factors woven in and around each behavior. Consider how you interact with family, teachers, friends, and work associates, just to name a few of the socio-cultural factors that influence, and thus motivate, your actions. Each person, each group, exerts its particular influence in the overall scheme of motivation.

The sources of motivation described by Marzano, 2012 are woven into numerous theories that attempt to explain and predict human behavior. While there is no one theory that includes all aspects of the complex factors influencing humans to do the things they do, there are four general theoretical categories that account for much of the story: instinct, drive reduction, arousal and incentive, and humanistic. In this article, the two theories most commonly associated with pathological behavior in outpatient counseling settings are the incentive and humanistic theory.

INCENTIVE THEORIES

While instinct, drive, and arousal theories of motivation focus on internal processes, incentive theory emphasizes external motivators. A basic element of this theory is environmental stimuli, but it also includes cognitive factors. Thought processes about the incentives available in the environment influence the direction and strength of the motivation. While drive and arousal theories focus on things that push us toward a goal, the incentive theory suggests that we are motivated by things that lure us along. Differences in behavior, from one person to another, one situation to another, can be traced to the value placed on what draws us toward the various goals. Incentives may be positive or negative, intrinsic or extrinsic. The lure of a financial bonus is a positive goal, while not wanting to lose your job is a coercive incentive. To have the desire to do a job well for your own sense of satisfaction is intrinsic motivation and recognition from others is an example of extrinsic motivation.

HUMANISTIC THEORY

Humanistic theories stress that we are innately motivated to strive for a positive self-concept and the realization of our personal potential. These theories also emphasize the importance of psychological and cognitive components of motivation, while not discounting the role of biological and external motivators. From the humanistic perspective, motivation is affected by how we perceive the world, how we think about ourselves and others, and beliefs about our abilities and skills. Without a supportive and encouraging environment—personal, social, and cultural—the motivation to strive toward one’s highest potential could be jeopardized.

Abraham Maslow (1970, 1971) attempted to synthesize inner and outer factors, biology as well as the environment, to explain what motivates and sustains human behavior. His theory of motivation as a hierarchy of human needs focuses on two classes of needs, deficiency needs and growth needs. Each level of the lower needs, the deficiency needs, must be met before moving to the next higher level.

The deficiency needs include:

• 1.Physiological: hunger, thirst, temperature regulation, etc.

• 2.Safety/security: the absence of danger

• 3.Belongingness and Love: acceptance and relationship

• 4.Esteem: gain approval and recognition

Each time a deficiency is detected within one of these lower level needs, the individual is motivated to act in order to remove the need.

According to Marzano, an individual is ready to act upon the growth needs only if the deficiency needs are met. Marzano, 2012 references Maslow's initial work that suggested that only one growth need, self-actualization, ultimately drives behavior that leads to permanent growth of one’s personality and character. Individuals voluntary to the psychological counseling process are typically searching for a sense of satisfaction and accomplishment in the area of self actualization. Typically, counseling in Northeast Ohio specializing in motivational training and incentive programs incorporate strategies of motivation in their behavioral health treatment. For more information on behavioral health counseling, professional counseling, cooperate counseling, or motivation consultation, contact a professional counselor at Advanced Counseling Solutions, LLC in Austintown, Ohio.


Street Talk

No comments present
You May Also Like
Weight Loss Motivation
When first deciding on taking on a diet you must make sure you carry weight loss motivation for successful results. The people who will successfully complete a diet program are always going to be the most motivated so weight loss motivation is a must. Motivation must also be kept at…
By: Chris Evans in  Health and Fitness  >  Weight Loss   Sep 26, 2011  
2
  Likes: 2

Improve Your Motivation: Stop Thinking, Start Doing
If you want to stop procrastinating, improve your motivation and achieve the success you want in life, then one of the key factors is to stop thinking about what you would like to do, or the changes your would like to make and start doing. Saying ‘if only’ doesn’t cut…
By: BIS_Coach in  Self Improvement  >  Motivation   Aug 02, 2011  
3
  Likes: 3

How to Get Motivation to Date Again
Seems like now a days the dating game is harder than ever. If your a guy, than the girls seem to be way too shallow, and if your a woman then the guys seem to be way too immature, and childish. There's so many fish in the see, everywhere we…
By: Joshua Feller in  Relationships  >  Singles   Feb 18, 2013  
1
  Likes: 0

5 Tips to Supercharge Your Motivation Today
If you want to fulfil your dreams one of the things you’ll have to have rely on is your motivation. Motivation is the driving force which helps people to make life-enhancing changes and yet sometimes the internal desire for change or achievement , doesn’t align with their actions. Being able…
By: BIS_Coach in  Self Improvement  >  Motivation   Nov 21, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Losing Motivation In the Gym
Its the 2nd to last set and I just can't be bothered, my training partner is on it, but I'm not. I'm not even taking any notice of the shouting "Come on Mark! One last rep! you can do it!". I complete the set and I just want to go…
By: Mark Holmes in  Health and Fitness  >  Build Muscle   Jan 22, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

The Motivation to Continue – How Life Perceived By Others
The elucidations of Psychiatry, how to perceive life. Motivation to continue, to thrive in the face of adversity, to perceive the failures as life's lessons, and to overcome the demise of perceived success, the elucidations of Psychiatry. (what have I just written?) More appropriately, how to survive swimming in the…
By: Rob Ainslie in  Self Improvement  >  Motivation   Apr 18, 2012  
30
  Likes: 9

What Do You Do When You Lose Your Motivation to Exercise?
So many people start an exercise program, only to stop it just days later. While there are some that end up quitting because of an injury or because they can no longer fit the routine into their busy day, many find themselves unable to keep exercising because they are completely…
By: amie nogrady in  Health and Fitness  >  Exercise   Jul 31, 2012  
2
  Likes: 1

Labor Motivation
The transmission of the motivation can be learned, but the base of it it in oneself, the motivation of the team, begins with your motivation. Motivate somebody means to transmit the energy and the confidence to him, so that their actions are voluntary and committed instead of forced. You must…
By: Tony Fiz in  Business  >  Human Resources   Nov 22, 2012  
3
  Likes: 1

Top Reasons You're Killing Your Motivation
Why does it seem like some goals are so hard to follow through? Take weight loss for example, why do most people start off highly charged and optimistic, full of drive and motivation but lose that empowerment and fail to meet their goal? We are creatures full of good intentions,…
By: Ally D in  Self Improvement  >  Motivation   Mar 19, 2012  
7
  Likes: 1

Make New Information a Motivation
How common is that people get discouraged by knowing more about where they're currently at if that place is far from their ideals? Being encouraged is the very first step to reaching any success in anything. Without it, you won't have the will to carry out all the necessary actions…
By: Josip Pesut in  Self Improvement  >  Motivation   Dec 18, 2012  
0
  Likes: 1

Goal Setting Steps - Increase Motivation
Motivation as defined by onlinedictionary: mo-ti-va-tion [moh-tuh-vey-shuhn] noun 1. the act or an instance of motivating, or providing with a reason to act in a certain way: I don't understand what her motivation was for quitting her job. Synonyms: motive, inspiration, inducement,cause, impetus. 2. the state or condition of being…
By: Kiesha Michelle Falchenberg in  Self Improvement  >  Goal Setting   Jul 26, 2013  
0
  Likes: 2

motivation for weight loss
I read on a site for a person who wanted to lose weight and searched ways to motivate and push himself to succeed. The man made great efforts to manage it until a day with the help of a photo realized that this was the way to lose a few…
By: George Geroulias in  Health and Fitness  >  Weight Loss   Jun 27, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Motivation, Culture And Latvia In 2012
This brave new world.. huge alliances, powerful elites, strong enemies and cunning politics wait for us in 2012 year, but I'd like to express a little bit of Euro-optimism! Yes, it’s already a year of dragon in the backyard, but I believe it’s not the ebil beast, that’ll eat our…
By: Aleksey Vesyoliy in  Politics  >  World Politics   Jan 04, 2012  
0
  Likes: 3

Internet Marketing Motivation - 3 Songs to Listen to
Do you get frustrated sometimes when you are working on internet marketing and the day seems to last forever while you are stuck in your daily tasks? There are days when I feel I need more motivation to keep working because internet marketing is not something that will succeed overnight.…
By: Ai Hoon in  Internet and Businesses Online  >  Internet Marketing   Mar 14, 2012  
0
  Likes: 2

Struggling With Motivation And Change? Take Control Of Your Mind
There are many lessons in life that can be tough, but one of the hardest lessons can be learning how to take control of your mind. We’ve all been there. We’ve decided we want to make a major change in our life and then an inner voice starts casting doubts,…
By: BIS_Coach in  Self Improvement  >  Motivation   May 19, 2011  
4
  Likes: 5

Article Views: 1749    Report this Article