This Article is About
bones
bone density loss
calcium supplements
medication treatment
prevention methods
mortality rate
what this means
Osteoporsosis - Our Bones Our Health
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Osteoporsosis  -  Our Bones Our Health

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoprosis is a disease of the bones that leads to breaks and fractures of the bones. What this means is that the mineral density in your bones is decreasing from possible calcium loss making your bones more brittle and suseptible to breaks and fractures.Calcium is a mineral vital to bone density.If your bodies daily intake of calcium is insufficient to meet its daily needs your body will begin to draw the calcium from your bones in an attempt to achieve its required daily need.

This depletion if left unchecked and untreated will increase your risk of injury.The recommended daily intake level of calcium for anyone over the age of 4 is 1,000 mg daily. You can achieve this level with ease if you maintain a balanced diet rich in dairy and foods containing calcium for example sardines, salmon, greens, oranges and certain nuts to name a few.

Who is most affected by Calcium loss?

There are two groups most affected by calcium and bone density loss. The first group affected by calcium loss are post-menopausal women this includes women who have been through surgically induced menopause estimated at 15%. The risk of osteoporosis and injury increases to 70% in post-menopausal women over the age of 80. Some doctors believe that routine bone density screenings along with preventative treatment measures including calcium supplements in these women may reduce their risk factor as they age. If bone loss continues they may require an osteoporosis medication treatment plan.

The second group most affected are the elderly over the age of 70. This group includes men as well as women. The risk factors for women are still higher than men at a ratio of 2 to 1. This group is at greatest risk for hip fractures with results showing 94% of cases involving the elderly. With a mortality rate between 12 and 20%'s in this category the need for regular screening and early treatment are neccessary to maintain proper bone health.

What are the screening and prevention methods?

The two most common screening methods are the dual energy x-ray absorptimetry (DEXA) and the quantitive ultrasound. There are a number of risk factors that will be assessed and if the patient is found to be at risk one or both of the screening methods are then ordered for further determination.

The risk factors used to assess the neccessity of further screening are as follows: modifiable risk factors - inadequate exercise, poor calcium/vitamin D nutrition, smoking, alcohol abuse, certain medications including (steroids, benzodiazepines, anticonvulsants and thyroid hormones).

Non modifiable risk factors - age, gender, race, early menopause, family history of fractures.

If risk factors are found to be present, further screening is done and bone loss is found the doctor will then discuss different treatment options based on the level of bone loss.

Prescription medicines most often used in the treatment of osteoporosis include Fosamax, Evista, Actonel, Boniva, and Reclast. The less commonly used medications used are Forteo and Fortical.

Non medication related treatment including smoking cessation in smokers, reduction of alcohol consumption, altering diet plans to include more Calcium/Vitamin D and including a doctor approved exercise regimen. It is never to early to start preventative measures for bone loss. Speak to your doctor regarding your possible risk factors and how to begin proper preventative measures.

I hope this article was informative and helpful.


Street Talk

Thank you for the kind words Shawn. This article was dedicated to my mother who fell and broke her hip a few weeks ago. She was my inspiration to discovering more on Osteoporosis.

Reply
  about 6 years ago

really informative Jewel. I enjoyed the read!

Reply
  about 6 years ago
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