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History Of The Blue Mountains Of NSW Australia
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History of The Blue Mountains of NSW Australia

It appears during the Pliocene Era the Blue Mountains came into being around one million years ago as an extension of the Kosciusko Uplift.

These easterly pressures pushed the area to raise into a monoclinal fold about three thousand feet high which came to create the very top of the mountains just about where Mt Victoria is today.

These mountains formed over the thousands of years became impenetrable, with stunning rock formations, cascading waterfalls, lakes and myriad of fauna and wildlife.

Just before being discovered by Governor Phillip the Blue Mountains were known as the Carmarthen Hills as well as Lansdowne Hills. It was then 1788.

I imagine the the name Blue Mountains would have come about quite easily due to the blue haze that seemed to envelope those mountains and hills.

Although the colour bllue would have been easily distinguished it may have taken quite a while to understand why it is perceived as blue.

It is the case that the whole of the mountains are overgrown with Eucalyptus thees which are full of oil. As this oil disperses into the atmosphere and mixes with dust particles and the water vapor it creates these short-wave light rays with hues of blue.

We are not exactly sure how far back the Australian Aborigines first arrived in the Blue Mountains. Yet their legacy of rock art carvings left by the Daruk tribe seem to indicate that these were the Blue Mountains first inhabitants.

"The flight of the Great Grey Kangaroo" is a especially well preserved ancient rock carving which can be seen in Hawkesbury Heights. It is well-preserved and ascertains to the Aborigines occupation in the area at that time.

The explorers Gregory Blaxland, William Charles Wentworth, and Lieutenant Lawson, with their four servants began their exploration of the Blue Mountains in May 1813.

For tthese adventurers the trip was arduous and a constant and intense struggle. Having to contend with disease, without much food they had to continuously battle against the thich scrub and hack their way non-stop. And not forgetting their terror of attack by the Aboriginies.

It took Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson 18 days to cut their way through the thick scrub. As they reached the top the impassable wilderness was no longer inacessible and inhospitable.

And so these famous explorers reached the top of the Blue Mountains and made it accessible to all those who followed and enjoyed the most beautiful nature and marvelled at the amazing vistas.

In Katoomba you can still see this ancient Eucalyptus tree that has the markings of the three explorers. As well as Caley's Repulse these are really the only markings left by the 3 famous explorers.


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