This Article is About
roll film camera
history of the camera
peak efficiency
A Short History Of The Camera - The Emergence Of The Roll Film Camera
Join 1000's of Authors at StreetArticles Today!

A Short History of the Camera  -  The Emergence of the Roll Film Camera

Up to 1885, all photographic processes involved the development of single prints, one at a time. They were done on rigid copper or glass plates, depending on the process. George Eastman [1854-1932] came along with new chapters for the history of the camera - the improving and marketing of paper roll film, later plastic, which would very soon introduce the earliest of films made with a nitrate-based polymer.

However, contrary to common misconception, Eastman was not the original inventor of roll film. We will find an extremely industrial individual, Peter Houston, a homesteader in Wisconsin, by 1881, had developed, and already had this process well in the works by the time of its discovery, the folded roll film camera. Why is Eastman accredited for having invented roll film?

Who Invented Roll Film?

Peter Houston properly takes his place in the history of the camera. Houston's greatest aspiration was having a farmstead functioning at peak efficiency. This is what makes Houston an industrialist - and off to the American western frontier in the 1840s. He and his family flourished, living in abundance, from the sheer ingenuity and adeptness at perfecting his equipment so well, he could turn out the harvest whilst his wife baked bread. This man surely worked with belts in his machinery. Could this concept of moving belts have helped Houston come up with a strip of film and film-advancing devices.

Of interest, however, at the farmstead, in 1881, we find specialized cameras, crude equipment and accessories, and most importantly, the devices to properly advance the film inside the roll film camera to each subsequent snapshot. Old sources do not mention the creation of the roll film itself, but what devices we find here, bear inference that roll film was also one of Houston's inventions. This device was said to create punches in the film in regular intervals. Amongst these, he had a number of other photographic aids and a large library of photographs.

Most of Peter Houston's inventions were variations for the camera he developed for roll film. This was not limited to the cameras themselves, but to various photographic aids and film-related hardware. A short list here will point out the most important photography-related inventions and the patents formed by his brother.

Eastman Kodak Purchases David Houston's Folding Roll Film Camera Patents

Peter Houston turned out the photography innovations mainly for his own pleasure and for the family home. His brother saw dollar signs and began working on Peter to allow him to apply for patents for the many inventions and improvements he had made. Peter scoffed at the idea, thinking to be funny. Albeit, Peter consented and the brother set out to the task.

Note that some of these patents were created up to 1902 after the initial discovery of the operation by George Eastman. Houston's estate would transfer the rest of the photographic-related patents to Eastman in 1912.

From thence, Eastman would greatly improve upon the methods, including the invention of cellulose film to replace the delicate paper roll film then in use. Without these innovations, the modern extreme-action sports cameras would, at best, be delayed and may not even have been in existence by now.

To Recap the Above:

  • Peter Houston, the Wisconsin homesteader and inventor, was responsible for the emergence of the folded roll film camera and accessories.
  • His brother, David Houston applied for a number of patents for his brother's inventions, which patents George Eastman had been through and chosen those pertinent to the improvement of photography.
  • The earliest roll film was made of paper. By the first decade’s end in the 20th century, Eastman comes up with a cellulose-based film which rendered it far more durable than the paper counterpart.

Roll film played a huge role in the history of the camera and its development, and is still in use by film and plate enthusiasts, and there will always be a niche for film cameras. Today, camera technology has moved well into the next generation and we have in a camera what most people deemed as science fiction a decade ago.


Street Talk

No comments present
You May Also Like
A Short History Of the Camera - The Rise Of the Single Lens Reflex (slr)
The single lens reflex camera is by no means a modern invention, at least in concept. Its prototypes span most of the history of the camera. The SLR is a photographic version of the magic lantern - the famous Renaissance instrument that helped keep folks in check, producing 'marauding evil…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 08, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

A Short History of the Camera - The Dry Plate Makes Handheld Cameras Possible
During the fairly short period since the post-daguerreotype to the development of the dry plate process of photographic development, cameras were not portable. The wet plate method was definitely an improvement over the dagerreotypes and was a happy alternative to the dangerous chemicals and processes required in that procedure. However,…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 03, 2012  
4
  Likes: 3

A Short History Of the Camera - Hidden Cameras Of the 19th & 20th Centuries
If you are old enough to remember the 1960s as a child, you may remember the backs of the comic magazines which often advertised micro-small cameras, those that fit in the palm of the hand, others more like a Dick Tracy wrist camera, and the like. At the time, acquiring…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 10, 2012  
0
  Likes: 3

A Short History Of the Camera - The Movies Begin
The invention of roll film has done far more than bring more versatility and efficiency to the camera. It spawned another great epoch in the history of the camera very soon after Kodak was founded. The age of the silvered screen and the cinema had begun. Camera! Roll ‘em! Action!…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 06, 2012  
4
  Likes: 3

A Short History Of the Camera - Underwater Camera Case Still Of Age
The wonder, serenity, and sheer beauty of the undersea world has captivated the eye of the artist for millennia. Earlier attempts at capturing marine life for display were aquariums, but would not escape its time and place in the history of the camera. Amidst the age of scientific discoveries of…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 09, 2012  
3
  Likes: 3

A Short History Of the Camera - The Magic Lantern
You've completed your day’s work in the field tilling the soil around the cucumbers and weeding the onions for your master. Upon good work done and your master’s kind heart, he pays your way to the new and exciting show tonight! You've heard about surreal happenings in earlier productions of…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jun 26, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

A Short History Of the Camera - Pioneers Of Photography Fade Out the Daguerreotype
In the early 19th century, the noted French photographer, Louis Daguerre, [1787-1851]was trying to come up with a process to permanently capture his subjects on to a durable, long-lasting medium. All of his attempts were unsuccessful as his photographic plates would retain the images but would keep developing until turning…
By:  in  Business   Jun 27, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

A Short History of the Camera - Appreciating Today's Camera Technology
For many years, since the dawn of photographic cameras, folks have always devised new ways to get more out of the crude instruments available to them at the time. This article briefly discusses the amazing history of the camera and what it means to the serious photographer today. Many of…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 03, 2012  
0
  Likes: 1

A Short History Of the Camera - The Psychedelic World Of Fluorescence Photography
Of all visually-striking radiation in the spectrum, none other take its unique place in the history of the camera, beginning in 1801 with Johann Wilhelm Ritter, who discovered the ultraviolet spectrum and surreal world behind its door. What is ultraviolet light anyway? In this article we will discover what this…
By:  in  Business   Jul 18, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

A Short History Of the Camera - The Photophone
The following Article is a suggestion, and a rather interesting one at that, so without further adieu: Although the device I'm about to exhibit here is not related to cameras, although in this author's mind, deserves a place in the history of the camera. The photophone not only offers the…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 25, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

A Short History of the Camera - The Brilliant Dawn of the Color Camera
Early on, humans were able to replicate a live visual experience into graphical form, however primitive that might have been. It was, not so much for the technicalities of color, but that the right mediums could mimic the visual experience of color when applied to a flat surface. We will…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 18, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

A Short History of the Camera - The Mysterious Camera Obscura
Take a box with a side taken out. This will be for observation. Now, cut a small hole in the center of the side of the box, adjacent to the observation. Shine a flashlight into the hole and observe what happens when you move the light around. What happened inside…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jun 26, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

A Short History Of the Camera - The Rise Of the Single Lens Reflex (slr)
The single lens reflex camera is by no means a modern invention, at least in concept. Its prototypes span most of the history of the camera. The SLR is a photographic version of the magic lantern - the famous Renaissance instrument that helped keep folks in check, producing 'marauding evil…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 08, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

A Short History Of the Camera - Moving Picture Innovations Of the 19th Century
The term, “cinemascope” today, is used to name a lens system used in modern cinemas making curved wide-screen viewing possible. The term rightfully belongs to an early collection of strange animation devices of the 19th Century clearly belonging in the history of the camera as precursors to the photographic version.…
By:  in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jul 10, 2012  
3
  Likes: 4

Fix Your Yahoo Issues Via Calling Certified Yahoo Customer Service Experts
Getting problem while working with Yahoo mail? Not to worry! Fix your Yahoo issues by Yahoo customer service. It is the place where you get solution for all your problems. No matter, whether the issue is big or small. For contact number of Yahoo service team you can refer the…
By: Joshua Beers in  Computers and Technology  >  Personal Tech   Jun 07, 2016  
0
  Likes: 1

Article Views: 1176    Report this Article