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Coral Reef Filtration
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Coral Reef Filtration

I am going to be talking about three different types of filtration for your coral reef aquarium: Biological, Mechanical, and Chemical. All of these approaches this in a different manner even if they do end up with what you need to accomplish a successful and environmental safety for your aquarium inhabitants.

Biological: This process it is the removal of nitrogen breakdown by-products (Ammonia, Nitrite, and Nitrates) from your water through this use of bacteria. Nitrosomonas bacteria breaks down Ammonia to Nitrite at this point Nitrobacter bacteria appears the aquarium and converts nitrite to nitrate. Small amounts of Ammonia can easily harm your inhabitants when you test your water make real sure it is at zero ppm. Also, if your water test shows even the slightest amount of Nitrite you will need to clean your tank thoroughly.When you test for nitrates you should make sure it is 10ppm or lower 1 - 4ppm is the best to be within.

Mechanical: This process is the removal of solid particles from your water by means of filtering the water through a pre-filter either with foam pads made of either course or fine usually through a cylindrical foam filter that is feed from the overflow of your tank. Then you have a filter bag that holds different medium such as carbon and others, which is placed where the overflow from your tank is entering your sump. then there is the filter floss these are filter pads in the shape of sheets that comes in different types of densities colors and thickness. the most popular one of these is the multi-density pad that is usually used in wet/dry filters right before the water is trickled onto the bio-balls.

Chemical: This process you will put a medium in a filter bag to change the composition of your water by removing toxic metals, chloramines, dissolved organics, gasses and enzymes from your aquarium. Here are the most widely used media in the aquarium world: Activated Carbon, Nitrate Removers, Phosphate Removers, and Poly filters these are usually cloth or sponges that have been introduced to by-products that we ned to filter certain items from the tank water.

Now it is time to figure out which one of these types of filtration systems you would like to use in your Coral Reef Aquarium. I will give you a brief explanation of each one of them:

Refugium Filter System: This type of system is one of the favorites of a‚ reef aquarium enthusiast. It is based on the sump type system which you would set up in a separate tank sitting underneath your main tank. To make one you would need to put a lot of live sand in the bottom followed with the live rock on top of it, also a lot of macro algae. The live sand you put in here is in replacement of bio-balls.

Sump Filter: This type is also another tank set up underneath your main tank that houses various types biological, mechanical, and chemical filtration's.

Wet/Dry Filtration System: This system is a trickle type that is pre-made with all the equipment you would need to filter an aquarium, except for a pump to run it according to the size of your tank. This one is also set underneath your main tank.

This is it for now I will be back with more info for setting up and maintaining a coral reef Aquarium. Also Thank You very much for reading my articles on this subject see you soon.


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