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aperture settings
aperture priority
amateur photographers
light travels
shutter speed
hole size
what the heck
no doubt
depth of field
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Photo Taking Tips - A Beginners Guide To Aperture Settings
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If you are like the millions of other amateur photographers in the world and own a digital camera you have no doubt noticed the plethora of settings available to you and wondered what the heck do all of these settings do? I want to shed some light on one of these and provide you with some photo taking tips to help you get the photographs you so desire.

It doesn't matter if you are taking photographs of supermodels, the Grand Canyon or even your cat. With a few changes to the simple settings with these photo taking tips, you will get some awesome looking photos.

The first of the photo taking tips and also the most useful one I will talk about is the Shooting Mode, with Aperture priority being the most commonly used shooting mode. This setting allows you to adjust the aperture opening or also known as f/stop function of your camera.

The "F" number is sometimes called F-ratio, focal ratio, f-stop or relative aperture, I will refer to it as F-stop. It is a dimensionless number that has no direct measurement to quantify its size. It is merely a number the signifies the entrance hole size in terms of focal length of the lens. Basically it is the size of the opening in the lens that allows the light to enter. The bigger the F/stop, the more light travels through the lens and reaches the cameras sensor. F/stop sizes are given a number value with F/22 being the smallest. Just to confuse you, F/stop numbers are kinda backwards. The larger the number, the smaller the opening, an F/22 is smaller than an F/5, see what I mean?

When shooting in aperture priority, you will choose the F/stop you want and the camera will adjust the shutter speed and sometimes the ISO to reach a properly exposed photo in the end. One thing to remember with aperture sizes is that it also changes the depth of field of your photo. If you take a photo with a wide aperture opening or a lower f/stop like f/5 it will usually leave a blurry background behind what it is your photographing if it is close enough. This can be good for portraits and close-up photos but not so good for distance shots. If you were to take a photo of a distant mountain range it would be best to choose a higher F/stop or smaller aperture opening to allow for a greater depth of field so all of the photo is in perfect focus.

I know aperture priority sounds very confusing but it really isn't. I challenge you to go take a bunch of pictures of a flower and try changing the f/stop for each one and you will see what I mean. Of all the photo taking tips out there, this is by far the most powerful one in my opinion and 9 out of 10 photos I take I use this setting.

Digital cameras have become very simple for anyone to use and understand. Learning about the many photo taking tips out there will help you achieve the photography results you desire. A good camera will not make a good photographer but a good photographer can make any camera good.


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