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Rules Of Composition In Photography
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Rules of Composition in Photography

Whether you do photography for business or for hobby, you need to learn the rules of composition in photography for your photos to be outstanding. Photography is an art to be learned and not just pointing the camera to anything and then pressing the shutter.

Here are the rules of composition in photography:

1. Rule of thirds

The first in the rules of composition in photography that I want to share is the rule of thirds. This is achieved by dividing your camera frame into nine equal parts having those imaginary lines in between. It is good to place then the subjects across those imaginary lines.

2. Symmetry vs. Asymmetry

Don't worry this is not the geeky math that you hate in school. I just wanna say that if you want to show balance (that is, whatever is in the left is also what is in the right), then it is good to do symmetry. This however shows flat subjects. If you wanted to show perspective, better do asymmetry. This makes your photo more dynamic and looking 3D. This is important in the rules of composition in photography in terms of showing balance or imbalance. However, I suggest doing more asymmetry to create informal and more engaging photos. Perfectly balanced photos are very formal and sometimes boring.

3. 1/3 sky; 2/3 earth or 2/3 sky; 1/3 earth

The thing the we follow in the rules of composition in photography in shooting landscapes is again not to place the horizon at the perfectly 50% of the photo. It is better to divide the space for sky or earth 1/3 below or above.

4. Line of sight or line of action

In capturing sports, actions and what not, line of sight or line of actions is the thing to do in the rules of composition in photography. Give a wider space in your photograph where the people is facing or going.

5. Framing

One of my favorite in the rules of composition in photography is framing. This is achieved by using any element in the foreground or background to frame the subject.

6. Simplicity

In learning the rules of composition in photography, we might think of many complicated things. However, doing this might just clutter your composition and just confuse the viewer of your photo. The rule? Make it simple. Placing a single subject in front of a plain background gives more emphasis to your subject.

Keep on experimenting on those rules of composition in photography and I assure you that you'll get better shots. The good thing about learning these things is that you can also apply it in script writing and video shooting for video productions.

Street Talk

Andreas S  

Great article with important things to remember when taking photographs. Every photographer should know this so this is a great reading.

  about 8 years ago
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