This Article is About
quality eggs
fertility drugs
egg retrieval
fertility treatment
breast tenderness
mood swings
Ivf Process Step By Step
Join 1000's of Authors at StreetArticles Today!

Any kind of fertility treatment can seem full of confusing procedures and many couples feel that they are being swept along on a tide over which they have little control.  As with many things, a deeper knowledge can mean less apprehension and understanding the IVF process step by step can make a huge difference to how you approach the protocols.

Ovarian Stimulation

This first stage of IVF is aimed at producing at least 8 follicles which will provide quality eggs for retrieval.  Fertility drugs are required to artificially stimulate the ovaries in a similar way to the natural process.  However, the concentrated form of the hormonal shots are designed to promote the development of multiple follicles.  The hormonal treatments used can have side effects such as slight weight gain, pelvic discomfort, breast tenderness and mood swings.

Egg Retrieval

Correct timing is vital at this stage.  Prior to this stage you will have been monitored by your doctor who will confirm that the follicles are mature.  You will be given some form of anesthesia whilst the doctor retrieves the eggs by a procedure known as "follicular aspiration" whereby a hollow needle is inserted into the ovary via the uterus. Ultrasound will be used to guide the needle. The eggs are removed and rinsed and then stored in an IVF incubator until fertilization. 

Post Retrieval Meds

The IVF process step by step includes the taking of medications after retrieval of the eggs. You will normally be given antibiotics to prevent infection, steroids (if assisted hatching is part of your protocols), progesterone to help develop the uterine lining and you may also be prescribed low dose aspiring to prevent clotting in the tiny vessels leading to the uterus and promote healthy blood flow to the reproductive organs.

Sperm Retrieval

Whilst the eggs are being retrieved, the man will usually provide sperm through masturbation. If this is likely to cause problems at the clinic, arrangements may be made for the sample to be provided beforehand and then frozen for later use.  Surgical sperm removal may be performed when a man has had a vasectomy or where there is no sperm in the ejaculate. The sperm is then prepared for fertilization.

Fertilization and Development of the Embryo

You will return home after the sperm and egg retrieval and the clinic will combine the egg and sperm, generally two to six hours after retrieval.  This is where the IVF process step by step can vary a little depending on the clinic. This is then placed in a special medium containing salt, protein and antibiotics and left in an incubator for a few days. Regular checking is carried out by an embryologist and some clinics will begin transfer when the embryo has developed into 2 or 4 cells. Other clinics might leave the embryos to develop further and some will take into account your age and fertility history when deciding on timings.

Embryo Transfer

Prior to transfer, the clinic will have carried out some form of embryo screening. The format will depend on the clinic's own procedures and your own medical history. Current research indicates that 5 day old embryos at the blastocyst stage are likely to have a better chance of implanting and growing into healthy babies.  There is much debate over the number of embryos which should be transfered and the usual number is between two and four.  Certain countries impose their own restrictions though and some clinics will have their own limits.

The IVF process step by step now gets to the embryo transfer procedure.  This does not involve drugs and is usually done as an outpatient procedure.  You will usually be asked to drink extra fluid as a fuller bladder provides the doctor with a better view of the uterus.  The embryos will be suspended in a fluid and placed in a catheter.  The catheter is guided into the uterus and gently placed on the womb lining.  You will be asked to lie down for an hour or two following the transfer and although you should take things easy for a day or two, you should then resume normal activities.  Any unused remaining embryos can be frozen for the future or donated for research or to other couples.

The Two Week Wait

After embryo transfer comes the dreaded two week wait.  Medically, there is very little you can do at this point other than take the progesterone which you will have been given and try to relax.  Certain foods and supplements are thought to help the process.  You are advised to wait until the blood test for an accurate result rather than buying pregnancy tests which could potentially give a false result.

The tests are normally definite either way, but if you have a weak positive result, you will probably be advised to take another test a few days later.

Hopefully, this has broken down the IVF process step by step to give you a brief understanding of the stages involved.  If you would like detailed information of each step along with hints and tips to dramtically improve the success rates of IVF, please visit my website, How To Improve IVF Success


Street Talk

No comments present
You May Also Like
The Worst Words Used To Sell An Article Piece: Jargon!
The worst that can happen to an article is that it gets rejected by your audience. Far from just upsetting a proud and unique writer which is just what often happens when our publishing software editing program rejects us but, if we get rejected by those we write for is…
By: Yessy Rigg Suarez in  Writing and Speaking  >  Article Marketing   Jun 15, 2012  
14
  Likes: 5

Go Green And Save Money - Build Your Own Chicken Coop
Before you decide to attempt to build your own chicken coop, it is important that you have a plan of action, as there are several things you should consider. When you finish constructing your chicken coop you will have a constant supply of fresh eggs for you and family. In…
By: Tony Kitson in  Home Improvement  >  Green Living   Apr 21, 2011  
0
  Likes: 1

Getting Pregnant After 40 - Things You Need To know
Did you know that idespite popular belief that it is possible for a woman to be getting pregnant after 40 years old? There is a lot of concern in the medical fraternity these days that kind of discourage women from trying to get pregnant if they are over a certain…
By: Malcolm Smith in  Health and Fitness  >  Womens Issues   Jul 27, 2011  
0
  Likes: 3

The Ivf Timeline - the Steps for Invitro Fertilization
Once a joint decision has been made between yourselves and your doctors to undergo invitro fertilization, you will no doubt want to more about the procedures you are about to undergo. A knowledge of the IVF timeline and the associated processes will make you feel less anxious and as stress…
By:  in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Mar 17, 2011  
0
  Likes: 2

Ivf Failure Reasons And What to Do Next Time
Although scientific in nature, IVF itself is not an exact science and although everything can go exactly according to plan, there will never be a 100% success rate.  There are many IVF failure reasons and when you think about it, when a healthy couple tries to conceive naturally, it can…
By:  in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Mar 15, 2011  
0
  Likes: 4

Why Assisted Fertility Methods May Not Be the Best Strategy
Many doctors push medically assisted fertility methods, especially for couples who have had more than one year of unsuccessful attempts at becoming pregnant. They may act as though the only options that are left are to use a medical intervention to help the two people have a child of their…
By: Ken Damon in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Apr 24, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

The Ivf Timeline - the Steps for Invitro Fertilization
Once a joint decision has been made between yourselves and your doctors to undergo invitro fertilization, you will no doubt want to more about the procedures you are about to undergo. A knowledge of the IVF timeline and the associated processes will make you feel less anxious and as stress…
By:  in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Mar 17, 2011  
0
  Likes: 2

Why Do the Press Treat Older Mothers so Differently From Older Fathers?
Have you noticed that when it comes to having children late in life men and women are treated very differently in the press? When it’s announced that a man is to become a father in his 60, 70’s or even 80’s the news is generally greeted with a certain amount…
By: BIS_Coach in  News and Society  >  Pure Opinion   Nov 29, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

How to Avoid Stretch Marks - Pregnancy Primer
Most pregnant women develop stretch marks or streaks on the skin surface. Stretch marks can vary in color depending on the natural color of the skin and normally show up on the abdomen during pregnancy. You may also notice stretch marks on your breasts, thighs, hips and buttocks. Stretch marks…
By: Sharon Melanson in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Mar 21, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

A Complicated Case Of Bad Obstetric Solved at the Indira Ivf Clinic In Patna
3000 years of rich cultural history and diversity, is the erstwhile city of Patliputra which was also the capital of the Magadha Kingdom, now known as Patna and the capital of the state of Bihar in India, Is also popular among tourists as it has some breathtaking spots often frequented…
By: Nitizz in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Feb 10, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Successful Pregnancy Even After A Vasectomy at Indira IVF Clinic In Patna
Vasectomy is secure as well as long term contraception, yet at times life situations transform so you may like to have one more kid. ICSI provides a method of utilizing your own sperm in an IVF cycle, without needing to reverse your vasectomy. IVF + ICSI after a Vasectomy When…
By: Nitizz in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Feb 10, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Clomid for Fertility Success
Using Clomid For Fertility Success: The utilization of Clomid and infertility medications may be required if your partner and you have problems getting pregnant. This medication is preferred since it will help a woman’s body to begin to ovulate the way it needs to. Clomid energizes the sex gland to…
By: Latoya in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Mar 24, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Choose Your Baby's Name Carefully
If you were expecting a baby girl, would you consider naming her Adele? It is a beautiful name, but your daughter would have a lot to live up to. Adele, of course, is a singer whose song "Set Fire to the Rain" is currently a top 10 song on the…
By: Hollie E. Townsend in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Apr 13, 2012  
4
  Likes: 1

How To Know The Gender Of A Baby
Waiting till a baby is born before getting to know whether it's a boy or girl is an excruciating experience for many expecting moms. There are various reasons why expecting moms wish to know the sex of the unborn baby. So, how does one know the gender of a baby…
By: Buernor in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Jun 02, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

Cope With Baby Blues
You can be feeling good and up one minute, then the next moment you are down and under. For most of us it is hard to imagine that these feelings are real or normal. But there are many new moms that are plagued by these. We can help you to…
By: MarleneW in  Home and Family  >  Pregnancy   Apr 01, 2016  
0
  Likes: 1

Article Views: 16450    Report this Article