This Article is About
rock solid foundation
ethical rules
social settings
academia
colleagues
Academic Integrity And Academic Standards
Join 1000's of Authors at StreetArticles Today!

Academic Integrity And Academic Standards

Academic integrity

Academic integrity is the ethical code of academia, i.e. the world of univiersities and scholars. If you want to be a part of this world, you should know about it and you should be prepared to act according to the established ethical traditions and norms within your discipline. It might sound obvious, but it can be difficult, especially if you are new in academia, because the concept of ethics is difficult to determine and define. Ethical rules are not determined and legible like the law, although it is an important concept.

Ethics, and thus academic integrity, is a sort of contract or set of rules that persons have agreed upon, and they stipulate what scholarly active persons, project groups, departments, and institutiones should do (and not do) and how such activities may benefit to society. In short, ethical norms orients and instructs academics what they should do when they work as academics.

Needless to say, it is hard to find a rock solid foundation for ethics, given its broad yet important span of rules and norms. Further, the use of ethical guideslines also depends on the cultural and social settings where they are used. For example, it may be possible to agree upon what the fundamental humans rights are, and by doing so reach an agreement about common ethical norms. However, it is still possible for some of us to have a slightly different interpretation when it comes to the practical implementation of these norms, especially if we live and work in different countries. It is hard to interpret ethical standards and to implement them in practical sitations because there are so many different settings and situations.

Being able to make decisions based on ethical decisions is important. You need to be prepared for making these types of decisions, because sooner or later they will present themselves to you. One way to make it easier to handle such decisions, and to help solve ethical dilemmas, is to discuss the problem at hand with colleagues. After all, continued discussions about difficult questions is a good way to practise and to solve ehtical problems.

There are some models and suggested ways to work, for those who want to work with questions about ethics. The Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University, USA, for example, have put together a Framework for Thinking Ethically. Their framework is designed to help people understand how to tacle issues related to ethics. Their model has five steps:

  1. Recognize an Ethical Issue
  2. Get the Facts
  3. Evaluate Alternative Actions
  4. Make a Decision and Test It
  5. Act and Reflect on the Outcome

This model is simple and easy to understand yet powerful. I suggest that it may also be used by anyone who is interested in learning more about the importance of academic integrity, the backbone of good, solid research. Hopefully, the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics' model may help you contemplate about your research ethics and, in turn, help you produce true and high-quality data and other output.

Academic standards

Academic standards are the agreed upon systems, methods, rules and such that govern research. Callahan & Hobbs (1998) have written a nice article about research ethics. Several reasons why academic standards are important for research are also discussed by David B. Resnik in his 2011 article 'What is Ethics in Research & Why is it Important?'. For a further discussion, see also Shamoo & Resnik's book 'Responsible Conduct of Research' (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009).

For example, these standards help facilitate communications and agreements among individual researchers and project groups inside countries and in international collaborative research projects. The international research taking place at CERN, for example, is supported and enhanced thanks to international and commonly accepted academic standards. Building on Resnik's 2011 article, below are some important factors for you to read and think about:

Honesty and integrity Be true to youself in the planning, execution, and reporting of research projects. Only report data that is true and tell the truth to colleagues, members of the public, and grant giving organsations. maintain your intergrity as a researcher and be a person that others can rely on in collaborative research projects.

Objectivity and carefulness In your strive for objectivity, fight bias, discrimination and other sources of undesired input into your research. Put your personal interests aside and design, implement, and report your study in an objective way. Further, make sure that you are painstakingly accurate and strict in your research endeavours. Make it your target goal, to only include elements in your research that are directly relevant for the study at hand.

Respect for participants and social responsibility Treat the people who are participating in your study with respect. Follow the guidelines issued by the ethical committees and boards at your faculy and university. Make sure you can justify your research in terms of its benefits and services to society.

Respect confidentiality as well as intellectual property Respect agreements between colleagues and keep sensitive aspects of your research and adjacent delicate information confidential. Likewise, respect legal contracts and arrangements and do not break patents or misuse intellectual property that you do now control.

In the end, we all want to keep our integrity and stay on the right path regardless of our line of work. By following the aforementioned suggestions and guidelines, it will hopefully be easier for you to uphold your academic integrity and to avoid academic dishonesty.


Street Talk

No comments present
You May Also Like
Internet Marketing For Dummies: The Open Education Project
We are constantly being exposed to information about people, places and things in a general sense whether we are online or not. Yet wouldn't it be great to find a forum that takes the subject of Internet marketing and makes it easy to understand? The key concept is to expose…
By: Tony B in  Internet and Businesses Online  >  Forums   May 18, 2012  
1
  Likes: 1

Improve Grades With Assistance Of English, Physics And A Level Tutors
Worried about your child’s grades at school? Then private tuition is the best solution for you to enhance the grades of your child. When you hire a private tutor for your child, it means you invest in an individual tutor who gives the full attention to your child and meets…
By: Muhammad Mazhar in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Mar 14, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Web 2 - What Impact Has it Had on Science Teaching?
Why does technology often make you feel like there is a big conspiracy and you are the last one to know? Terms like Web 2.0 are thrown around with such abandon that they are just as likely to be incorporated into the name of a very familiar product without us…
By: Col Harrison in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Mar 28, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Prelims for A Technical Career In Pharmacy World
There are many students who intend to pursue a career in the medicinal world without actually being a pharmacist. They want to take care of people’s health by indulging into some other aspects of pharmacy that principally requires technical knowledge and abilities. If you are also among those aspirants who…
By: Harry Millers in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Apr 26, 2014  
0
  Likes: 3

A Problem Shared is A Problem Halved - How to Improve Your Powerpoint Slide Show Science Lessons
I've written previously about the impact of presentations in Science lessons and lamented to excuse of technology for poor pedagogy. The reality is many of our teaching colleagues are using powerpoint to teach their classes, so how can we improve our use of this ubiquitous tool? Let me say firstly…
By: Col Harrison in  Reference and Education  >  Science   May 12, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

One Day Science Fair Projects Make Educational Middle School Homework Assignments
When you see the words "science fair projects" it is easy to think you are talking about the school gym filled with kids, parents and display boards full of pictures and graphs. But one day science fair projects can also be used as middle school homework assignments for science concepts…
By: Sue Gnagy Fegan in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Apr 13, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Easy Science Experiments for Kids Make for Great Fun at Home
Easy science experiments for kids to do at home can help make science fun and show kids and their families that science is really about what you see and experience every day. People are using scientific principles to solve problems all the time, and often do not realize it. Learning…
By: Sue Gnagy Fegan in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Apr 11, 2011  
0
  Likes: 2

The Need for Professional Development for Nurses In Australia
Today, there are so many complex developments and advancements in medical technology and the healthcare industry that medical professionals can never consider their learning is finished. To keep themselves abreast of the latest techniques they must necessarily keep attending workshops, medical conferences and undertake courses in professional development. Reading medical…
By: georgescifo in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Apr 18, 2012  
0
  Likes: 0

Multiple Metaphors - the Promise And Perils Of Technology In Science
What are your views on 'educational technology'? If there was ever a potential oxymoron, or a phrase to strike cheer or terror into the heart of a teacher, one of the nominees would surely be educational technology. Depending on the strength of your historical or mythological understandings, technology may have…
By: Col Harrison in  Reference and Education  >  Science   May 13, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Science Experiments for Middle School Make Science Fairs More Fun
A middle school science fair can be a fun and interesting event for both students and parents.  Parents are generally pretty amazed at how in-depth science experiments for middle school can be and how many different ideas that are covered. Some of the concepts that are displayed and being demonstrated…
By: Sue Gnagy Fegan in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Mar 11, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Parabolic Solar Collector Making Concept
This article offers an illustrated description of a method to produce a closed parabolic trough solar energy collector box based on the elasticity of the material. What is described here is basically a manual method to make high efficiency solar collectors against very low cost, which is particularly suited for…
By: Moriala Putula in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Jul 10, 2015  
0
  Likes: 0

Where Einstein And Modern Physicists Fudged Up Or What the Aliens Know That Our Scientists Do Not! Part VI Black Holes Full Of Worm Holes?
In 1916 when Einstein first published his General Theory of Relativity there was a Prussian Officer, Karl Schwarzschild, a former math teacher in Germany who immediately produced an equation that showed a mass could be so dense as to never let light escape a certain critical radius. Today this radius…
By: Franklin N Williams in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Nov 17, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Where Einstein And Modern Physicists Fudged Up Or What the Aliens Know That Our Scientists Do Not
The first thing that the aliens know, if there are intergalactic aliens, is that traveling at the speed of light and greater is not only possible, but common place for them and secondly, one does not travel into the past when exceeding the speed of light. How is this possible…
By: Franklin N Williams in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Sep 02, 2011  
1
  Likes: 1

Excel-lence In Science Education
Looking for a new way to help your students achieve EXCELlence in Science? Look no further than Excel as a great way to help students understand trends, graphs and mathematical relationships. I know we want stduents to learn how to draw graphs, understand x and y axes, explain lines of…
By: Col Harrison in  Reference and Education  >  Science   May 07, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Effective Multidisciplinary Cohesion
Technology is big business in Education. Laptops, data shows, interactive whiteboards and hand held data devices are becoming increasingly common in schools across the globe. The progress is inevitable, but not equitable and in many cases the technology is lying idle as teachers with limited technological expertise and/or interest struggle…
By: Col Harrison in  Reference and Education  >  Science   Mar 16, 2011  
0
  Likes: 0

Article Views: 1699    Report this Article