Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition that in almost all cases, is temporary. Mild cases of hyperpigmentation on the face tend to fade gradually over the course of a few weeks or months. Severe spots or patches of darker skin however, can take longer to disappear, with some cases taking several months to a year to fade. So what are the causes of hyperpigmentation on the face? Lets look at the main causes, and a few preventative measures you can take to minimise the effects.
- Over Exposure To Sunlight
Over exposure to sunlight is a major cause of hyperpigmentation on the face. Most of us love the sunshine, and there's no doubt that a little color on the skin can make you look and feel great. Your face and hands are exposed to the elements most of the time, so sunscreens and moisturizers are a must to prevent hyperpigmentation. Although it's true your body can absorb a small amount of vitamin D from direct sunlight, the effect of the sun's ultraviolet rays on your skin can cause many problems. The best advice is to use a good sunscreen at all times, in the summer and winter months, as wind and cold conditions can be just as harmful to the skin.
- Acne ( Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation)
Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a condition that is caused by the healing process of the skin after an outbreak of acne. As the acne is healing, the body reacts by over producing a chemical called "melanin", which is responsible for the color or pigment in your skin. The result is dark spots and patches of skin when the acne has healed. Although often temporary, it can be source of embarrassment for a great many people. If you suffer frequent outbreaks of acne, the problem can be compounded, as you can be caught in an endless cycle of outbreaks and healing. Good advice would be to visit your doctor, and get advice on getting the acne under control. there are numerous prescription strength medications that can help. Once the acne is under control then good hyperpigmentation creams are available to help fade the affected areas.
Pregnancy can also cause hyperpigmentation on the face. The condition is sometimes reffered to as "the mask of pregnancy". The medical name for this condition is - chloasma. Pregnancy can cause the body to produce too much melanin, which results in brown patches of skin on the forehead, nose and cheeks. In some cases the stomach can also be affected. Birth control pills have also been known to cause an over production of melanin.
Some forms of hyperpigmentation can be hereditary. Freckles are caused by the the body producing too much melanin, and can be more prominent on some people. Hormonal and other chemical imbalances can also cause hyperpigmentation on the face. Although you may be born with these conditions, they can be treated.
Although hyperpigmentation can cause concern, every case is treatable. There are all manner of natural products, creams and procedures that are effective in treating hyperpigmentation. Remember that all conditions are made worse by sun exposure, and applying sunscreen is an excellent preventative measure.
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