History Of The Kaaba
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History Of the Kaaba

Holy Kaaba is the most sacred, sanctified site in the Islamic world, located right at the center of Holiest Mosque in the Muslim world; Al-Haraam Mosque, also referred to as Masjid al- Haraam, which, in Arabic means ‘respected, revered’, owing to its sanctity and the fact that more than a billion Muslims turn their faces towards it while praying. Kaaba is also known as ‘House of Allah’. Similarly, Kaaba in Arabic means most place of high prestige; respect.

The sacredness of this site can be deciphered from the fact that two out of five pillars of Islam are dependent upon this Holy cuboid, namely Salah (Prayer) and Hajj (pilgrimage). The former involves facing the Kaaba and bowing before the Almighty in the prescribed way, five times a day, whereas the latter involves seven time Tawaf (circumambulation) in counter clockwise manner around this Holy site.

Holiness of this site dates back thousands of years. According to some historians, prior to creation of man, this site was a place of worship for the angels, but Adam and Eve built a temple here after descending from Heaven, which was destroyed during flood in Noah’s (PBUH) time, later to be reconstructed in Abraham’s time. But this has been rejected by other Islamic historians stating that there might have been other temples dating earlier than this, but this was the first one specifically for ‘Allah’.

This sacred place of worship, over the years has been reconstructed many times owing to different reasons. So, now the only things in original shape are the ‘Black stone’ (Hajr e Aswad) and Maqam-e-Ibrahim (Station of Abraham). With reference to recent accounts, this site has been renovated or reconstructed up to 12 times, from the time of the Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH). It was last renovated in 1996 with modern techniques to strengthen the base, making it more secure and stable for times to come.

This most sacred site has four corners, with some prominent landmarks around it such as the Abraham’s station (Maqam-e-Ibrahim), station of Gabriel (Maqam e Jibrael), Hatim, black stone (Hajr e Aswad), meezab e rehmat, the gutter to protect the base of Kaaba, the entrance door and finally, the three corners namely Yemen, Iraq and Syria, excluding the one where the heavenly stone is placed.

Annually, twice, before the start of Ramadan and Hajj, the house of Allah is cleaned with Zam zam water and oud oil; perfumes, which is carried out by descendants of the Shaiba tribe, who were handed over the key of this sacred place by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), stating that it would remain with you, until a tyrant snatches that.

The ceremony that marks the cleaning of Allah’s house is attended by dignitaries and diplomats, who are allowed entry into the sanctified place. Pilgrims aiming for Umrah or Hajj can also witness this spiritually healing process by availing cheap ramadan umrah packages and cheap Hajj packages near Ramadan and Zil-Hajj.


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