This Article is About
citations
citation
professors
inspiration
aim
Citations In Academic Documents
Join 1000's of Authors at StreetArticles Today!

Citations In Academic Documents

Introduction

The purpose of this article is to provide information and inspiration for students, professors, researchers and others authors who need to write citations in their academic documents. The aim is to discuss the reasons for using citations and provide examples of how citations may be written. The article also contains a discussion about how others may use your citations as data for further analysis.

Four reasons for using citations in your academic document

The reasons for using citations (not ranked):

  • The first reason why you need to cite your sources is that by citing your sources, you provide the reader with information that allows the reader to see and understand where your research stands in relation to previous research within the field.
  • The second reason is to show the reader that you have scholarly knowledge about the academic field in question, and, in turn, that you are a worthy member of this field.
  • The third reason is to build and support your arguments and to strengthen your analysis of the results that you put forward from your own investigation.
  • The fourth reason is to avoid plagiarism. You do not want to publish a text where you put forward ideas, arguments or results that the reader might think are yours when they in fact belong to another author. Plagiarism is avoided when you cite your sources.

Examples of how you may cite your sources

In general, you use citations most often in the first part of your document, i.e. the introduction, and in the parts where you present your results and your analysis. In general, both experienced (senior) authors and beginner (junior) authors tend to use more citations in the introduction and in the results and analysis parts in academic documents, e.g. essays and articles. (There are no such citations in this article, but that is of course because it is not an academic document. If you write an academic document, e.g. an essay, you must provide these types of citations, for the aforementioned reasons.)

You should write your citations in the tradition and style within your academic discipline because authors from different academic disciplines tend to use citations in different ways. For example, the number of citations used may vary according to the discipline, i.e. citations are used more frequently in articles in some academic disciplines. In the humanities and the social sciences, for example, authors use citations more frequently compared to authors within the natural sciences and the engineering sciences. Further, the way that citations are used might also vary between disciplines.

For example, authors within the humanities and the social sciences integrate citations from various sources to a greater extent compared to authors from other disciplines such as physics or chemistry. In other words, they utilize different types of citations within the same article, with the aim to bring forward a set of different perspectives and arguments.

How others may use your citations as data for further analysis

The way you cite your sources can be studied by others. In other words, the citations in your academic document, together with information about how other authors within the same field write their citations, may be used as indicators for bibliometric analysis. Thus, large numbers of academic documents may be scanned and their citations indexed and used as data for a meta-study of the research that is reported in these documents, e.g. scientific articles. Bibliometric analysis is quantitative, given that it builds on numerical data about citations. At the same time, bibliometric analysis is qualitative, given that it also contributes to the wider interpretation of relationships between authors, institutions, and academic disciplines.

The way you use in-text citations, for example, can be used in bibliometrics research to analyze how you support your arguments. The use of citations within a discipline can also be studied to investigate what types of sources that are used, i.e. when authors support their arguments, and how they may have changed over time. Using citation data, researchers are thus able to map out and analyze the evolution of the research within a specific field. Citation behaviour among junior (beginner) and senior (experienced) academics within the same field may also be analyzed, to see if there are any differences. Do junior academics write articles that are different from those that more senior academics write, in terms of the types of sources they cite and the way they use these citations to build and support their arguments?

Ending remark

With the rhetorical question at the end of the previous paragraph, I end this article. I hope it has inspired you to not only write citations, but also contemplate and reflect on the way you use your citations. As you know, actions sometimes speak louder than words, and, as a consequence, the way you cite is perhaps as important as whom you cite.


Street Talk

No comments present
You May Also Like
Which Country Will Suit Me for Study In?
Studying abroad has become popular and trending among UK students along with so many options that each country is offering better opportunities and number one degree in specific fields. Studying internationally pleas number of reasons like chance and opportunity to learn second language, abroad studying will add a remarkable addition…
By: Lisa Sthalekar in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   May 28, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Why You Should Use A Rewording Tool
Rewriting is amazingly helpful for everyone who needs flawless quality of their writing. You might need it every time you get into a business conversation, write an essay for the strictest teacher in your college, writing a coursework or when you are filling some important documents which not allow any…
By: Gretta Lu in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   May 12, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Why You Should Use A Rewording Tool
Rewriting is amazingly helpful for everyone who needs flawless quality of their writing. You might need it every time you get into a business conversation, write an essay for the strictest teacher in your college, writing a coursework or when you are filling some important documents which not allow any…
By: Gretta Lu in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   May 12, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Essay Writing Task Can Be Enjoyable With 4 Incredible Tips
To draft out an excellent essay, it is crucial for you to enjoy this task. Writing any document could be tedious for college students. However, we know how to transform the waves of boredom into pleasure. Stop worrying about your essay writing errand, as through this post you will understand…
By: Alfonzo Nelson in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Apr 11, 2016  
1
  Likes: 0

Have You Lost the Hope to Deal With Naysayers? 3 Quick Tips to Help You Tackle Them!
What made you read this post? Are you flanked with the people who consistently discourage you from achieving something you wish? Every one of us is bound to encounter naysayers at some point in life. It could be your uncle living next door, who visits your dwelling & criticize your…
By: Josh Barett in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Mar 30, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

3 Reasons Why Students Must Not Avoid Assignment Writing
Several students must have had prayed at least once in their academic career - that assignments & homework must be banned. Did you ever? We know it is a yes! So, when we enter the educational milieu, we invariably suffer from uncontrollable waves of assignments, homework, projects and varied coursework…
By: Johnnoels in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Mar 29, 2016  
1
  Likes: 0

5 Things You Must Never Do While Writing A Dissertation on Human Resource Management!
Dear mind, please stop running too much. I’m feeling stressful and gravely pressured from the task of writing an HR dissertation. I need some time to relax! Is it what going in your mind? I understand your concern, but your thesis writing task is a clear road towards a successful…
By: Johnnoels in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Mar 26, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Should You Choose A Media Dissertation Topic From Online Sources?
Dissertation is the chief constituent of any doctoral degree, and when it comes to writing it, the most interesting topics are related with Media. There are many factors that have made Media dissertation such a popular choice among scholars. Though the subject is compelling enough, there are some problems that…
By: Olivia James in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Mar 19, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Importance Of Discipline In Dissertation Writing
Discipline is the most sought after virtue in a learner; that is why, there is prevalence of stringent rules in academic institutions. The most important role that discipline plays is that of bringing more focus to the way of learning of the students. Dissertation being a lengthier assignment spread over…
By: Josh Barett in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Mar 17, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

10 Perfect Job Options for Creative Writers
Do you have a strong knack for art and writing? If so, land in one of these tedious but rewarding jobs! 1. Article writer If you are good at writing news stories, features, or instructional pieces, then this post is for you. With your creative thinking and research skills, you…
By: Lynda McWilson in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Mar 16, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Simplify Assignment Editing With the Help Of 3 Simple Steps
The primary purpose of an assignment is to see how much you have learned about a certain topic. An assignment can only be as good as the sources which you have used to write it. You can start once you have ensured that you have collected the best and most…
By: Johnnoels in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Mar 05, 2016  
0
  Likes: 1

Ways To Conduct The Evaluation Of Cited Research Material
Plagiarism is a deadly disease for research work When students search for different books and journals in the library, they can find different sources from which research can be done on the topic of interest. When they go through different books, they also find relevant material which can give them…
By: Bella Liam in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Mar 03, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Children And Violence
How far does violence extend, how do we determine exactly who is responsible for the violence that children are seeing on television and in music. What about video games, who is taking the responsibility for the violence and awful things that, are occurring right before the eyes of the youth…
By: Makowski Piotr Dariusz in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Feb 29, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

How To Write A Law Assignment With Online Assistance?
Law is one of the most prominent terminal degree subjects all over the globe. The requirement for Law professionals like lawyers and advocates seems to be increasing since forever, for no matter in what sector you are engaged; it will definitely require a legal assistant at some point of time.…
By: Josh Barett in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Feb 29, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Hire Professional Research Paper Writers for Your Academic Tasks
If you are an average student, you must know the feeling of being constantly exhausted with the work you are acquiring continuously and in a short span of time. Even classes are lead students towards boredom, not to mention part-time jobs and other activities. However, academic records are crucial for…
By: Jacob Martin in  Writing and Speaking  >  Writing   Feb 29, 2016  
0
  Likes: 0

Article Views: 1473    Report this Article